Challenges and responses in the implementation of k to 12



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CHALLENGES AND RESPONSES IN THE IMPLEMENTATION OF K TO 12

  • Fr. Joel E. Tabora, SJ

SHORTCUTS IN TERMINOLOGY

  • K to12
  • Present 10
  • Add Kindergarten (K)
  • Add years 11, 12 = “Career Academy” (2)
    • Pre-College
    • Senior High School
    • Junior High School
  • K+6+4+2 = K to 12
  • BEC – Basic Education Curriculum
  • GEC – General Education Curriculum

REASONS FOR EDUCATION REFORM

  • PH having the shortest education cycle in the world (14 years 6+4+4)
  • Washington Accord for Engineering – at least 16 years
  • Bologna Process for accountants, pharmacists, Physical Therapists – 15 years
  • APEC Trade Agreement – deadline in 2020
  • UNESCO Education For All Plan of Action

PHILIPPINE BASIC EDUCATION CURRICULUM (BEC)

  • National Elementary School Curriculum
    • 1984 to 2002
  • New Secondary Education Curriculum
    • 1991-2002
  • Revised Basic Education Curriculum 2002
  • Secondary Education Curriculum -Understanding by Design Model 2010

ISSUES WITH PRESENT BEC

  • Insufficient mastery of basic competencies is common due to a congested curriculum. The 12 year curriculum is being delivered in 10 years.
  • High school graduates are younger than 18 years old and lack basic competencies and maturity. They cannot legally enter into contracts and are not emotionally mature for entrepreneurship / employment.
  • Other countries view the 10-year education cycle as insufficient.

GENERAL EDUCATION CURRICULUM (GEC)

  • GEC-A (63 units for humanities, social sciences and communications students)
  • GEC-B (51 units for non-HUSOCOM students)

ISSUES WITH PRESENT GEC

    • Heavier semestral load of students
    • No room for formation subjects
    • Increasing professional subjects
    • The variations in laboratory requirements pose practical problems for smaller colleges with just enough laboratories
    • Students not seeing the relevance of GEC subjects
    • Since only professional courses that need international accreditation are under the Washington and Bologna Accord, some courses should have lesser subjects.

THE CHALLENGE

  • Enhanced 10
  • Lessen drop outs
  • Decongest to improve learning
  • RBEC
    • Revised Basic Education Curriculum focused on just
      • English
      • Pilipino
      • Mathematics
      • Science
      • Makabayan
    • But it did not “decongest” the curriculum

THE CHALLENGE

  • Challenge for curriculum designers based on real feedback
    • Don’t just push up
    • Reduce – more time for independent work and study

K TO 12 MODEL DEVELOPED BY DEPED

  • A Comparative Example: Science Conceptual Matrix
    • Old RSEC
    • K to 12 Model
  • GRADE 7
  • GRADE 8
  • GRADE 9
  • GRADE 10
  • GRADES 11 AND 12
  • Scientific Method
  • Balance of nature
  • Chemical Systems
  • Newtonian Mechanics
  •  
  • Sun-Moon-Earth System
  • pushed down to Grade 6
  • Cell
  • Composition of the Atom pushed down to Grade 8
  • Electromagnetism
  •  
  • States of Matter
  • Life Energy
  • Elements in the Periodic Table
  • Electronics
  •  
  • Structure and Life Functions of Organisms
  • Chemical bonds
  • Wave motion
  •  
  • Motion
  • Genetics
  • pushed up to Grade 9
  • Chemical Reactions
  • Acoustics
  •  
  • Transfer of Energy
  • Evolution
  • pushed up to Grade 9
  • Behavior of Gases
  • Optics
  •  
  • Changes on Earth
  • Biodiversity
  • Solutions
  • Thermodynamics
  •  
  • Relationships between living and non-living things
  •  
  • Colloids
  • Nuclear Energy pushed down to Grade 9
  •  
  • OLD RSEC for Science Grades 7-10
  • Grade 7
  • Grade 8
  • Grade 9
  • Grade 10
  • Grades 11 and 12
  • Scientific method
  • Human system
  • Genetics
  • Fluiddynamics
  • ST Subjects for Medical and Allied Profession
  • Humans as stewards of the earth
  • Reproduction
  • Evolution
  • Thermodynamics
  • Matter: measurement, classification, changes
  • Cell
  • Chemical reactions
  • Electrodynamics
  • ST Subjects for Energy and Environment Related Industries
  • Motion
  • Atoms - structure, functions, periodicity
  • Thermal behavior
  •  
  • The Earth
  • Chemical bonds
  • Radioactivity
  •  
  • If 6 units for GE courses in Science:
  • Effects of soil related problems and how they are managed (lithosphere) added
  • Causes of motion and laws of conservation of mechanical energy and momentum
  • Effects of human activities to climate change added
  • SPECIALIZATION: biotechnology and bioethics added
  • 1 ST Subject
  •  
  • Effects of human activities to atmosphere added
  •  
  • Genetics
  • 1 Research
  •  
  •  
  •  
  • Electrodynamics
  •  
  •  
  •  
  •  
  • Thermodynamics
  • If 12 units for GE courses in Science:
  •  
  •  
  •  
  •  
  • 2 STS (Choice of 2)
  •  
  •  
  •  
  •  
  • 2 Research
  • K to 12 Curriculum for Science Grades 7-12

PHASES OF IMPLEMENTATION

  • Universal kindergarten will be offered starting SY 2011-2012.
  • DepEd will begin unclogging the basic education curriculum in SY 2012-2013.
  • The enhanced 12-year curriculum will be implemented starting with incoming Grade 1 students of SY 2012-2013.
  • Incoming freshmen of SY 2012-2013 will be the first beneficiary of a free Senior High School education that will be made available by DepEd in public schools beginning SY 2016-2017. Electives to be offered in Senior HS (arts, music, tech-voch..etc)

WORKPLAN OF DEPED STEERING COMMITTEE FOR TRANSITION (SEPTEMBER 5, 2011)

  • Project Activity
  • Timetable
  • 1. Development of K to 12 model plan
  • September to October 2011
  • 2. Identification of K to 12 Model sites
  • October 2011
  • 3. Curriculum Enhancement (Based on the K to 12 curriculum standards and competencies)
  • November to December 2011
  • 4. Partnership with key stakeholders in the K to 12 model sites
  • January 2012
  • 5. Training of Teachers
  • Until May 2012
  • 6. Communication and Advocacy Plan
  • December 2011 to January 2012
  • 7. K to 12 model, monitoring and evaluation
  • June 2012 onwards
  • 8. Communication and Advocacy Plan
  • 2014 onwards

TRANSITION SCHEME FOR K TO 12

PROBLEMS WITH TRANSITION SCHEME

  • Too late to make transition compulsory.
  • Difficulty to find students who will volunteer to go through Grades 11 and 12. Since this will be in selected pilot schools, they can actually opt to go to College. Why then would they enter a shady Grade 11?
  • Official curriculum is not yet finalized. It is expected on November, but this may be too late to train teachers.

PROBLEMS WITH TRANSITION SCHEME

  • Logistical problems for administrators.
  • Textbooks and other materials are not yet developed and printed for Grades 11 and 12.
  • Increased drop-outs due to perceived irrelevance of going to Grades 11 and 12.

OUR PROPOSAL

  • Implement K to 12 on our own. Essentially, K to 12 is an addition of 2 years in Basic Education.
  • We plan for the content of K to 12 on our own.
  • We accept that performance standards are based on the:
    • Content of RBEC in 10 years
    • Set of College competencies now being articulated by CHED.
    • Competencies required for specific work.

OUR PROPOSAL

  • Basically, Br. Armin Luistro, FSC has encouraged CEAP and COCOPEA schools to pilot K to 12 even without legislation, based on global demand.

OUR PROPOSAL

CAREER ACADEMY

  • Not just more high school
  • Not just pre-college
  • Sui generis – the last step in basic education
    • Pupils in 17th and 18th years of life
    • Atmosphere of challenge and respect

CAREER ACADEMY

  • Choose careers with educational implication
    • Some need two years (Pre-work stream)
    • Some need two years plus college (Pre-college stream)
    • “Minus 2” or “Plus 2”

CAREER ACADEMY

  • “It provides the professional and human education necessary for the practice of chosen careers either immediately after graduation or after further tertiary education, depending on the career chosen”
  • Completion is attested to by a certificate or diploma issued by or with permission of the DepEd

CAREER ACADEMY

  • Career Tracks
    • Achievement tests advisory
    • Tracks chosen by the pupils and their parents
  • Preparation for life
    • Work
    • Marriage life
  • Atmosphere: Young adults

SCHOOLS WITH GRADES 11 AND 12 CURRICULUM DEVELOPED

    • Ateneo de Naga University
      • Career Academy for Entrepreneurship Program
  • San Carlos University

AN EXAMPLE: CAREER ACADEMY FOR TRAVEL AND TOURISM

  • PROGRAM DESCRIPTION: The Certificate of Achievement in Travel and Tourism is a two-year Career Academy program. This program will allow students to exit with knowledge and job skills necessary to qualify for immediate employment in a travel agency, tour company, or airline customer service position, or to continue on to fulfil their bachelor's degree requirements.

AN EXAMPLE: CAREER ACADEMY FOR TRAVEL AND TOURISM

  • Jesuit Core Courses – 12 units
  • General Education – 24 units
  • Career Specialization Courses – 24 units
  • Career Skills Development Courses – 10 units
  • 70 total credit units
  • Course Code
  • Course Title
  • Credit Units
  • Pay Units
  • Lecture
  • Lab
  • Total
  • Hours/Week
  •  
  • Jesuit Core Courses
  •  
  •  
  •  
  •  
  •  
  • History of Salvation
  • 3
  • 0
  • 3
  • 3
  •  
  • Christology
  • 3
  • 0
  • 3
  • 3
  •  
  • Philosophy of the Human Person and Society
  • 3
  • 0
  • 3
  • 3
  •  
  • Christian Vocation: Marriage and Family Life
  • 3
  • 0
  • 3
  • 3
  •  
  • Sub-total
  • 12
  • 0
  • 12
  • 12
  •  
  • General Education
  •  
  •  
  •  
  •  
  •  
  • Computer Literacy and Office Productivity Tools
  • 0
  • 3
  • 3
  • 3
  •  
  • Basic Algebra
  • 3
  • 0
  • 3
  • 3
  •  
  • General Psychology
  • 3
  • 0
  • 0
  • 3
  •  
  • Citizenship Education
  • 3
  • 0
  • 3
  • 3
  •  
  • Fundamentals of Environmental Science (With Eco-Tourism)
  • 3
  • 0
  • 3
  • 3
  •  
  • Philippine History
  • 3
  • 0
  • 3
  • 3
  •  
  • Business English 1
  • 3
  • 0
  • 3
  • 3
  •  
  • Business English 2
  • 3
  • 0
  • 3
  • 3
  •  
  • Sub-total
  • 21
  • 3
  • 24
  • 24
  •  
  • Career Specialization Courses
  •  
  •  
  •  
  •  
  •  
  • Principles of Tourism (Introduction to Tourism)
  • 3
  • 0
  • 3
  • 3
  •  
  • Principles of Safety, Hygiene and Sanitation
  • 3
  • 0
  • 3
  • 3
  •  
  • Methodology of Guiding
  • 6
  • 0
  • 6
  • 6
  •  
  • Selling Destinations
  • 3
  • 0
  • 3
  • 3
  •  
  • 3
  • 0
  • 3
  • 3
  •  
  • Airline Reservations and Ticketing
  • 3
  • 0
  • 3
  • 3
  •  
  • Travel and Tour Operations
  • 3
  • 0
  • 3
  • 3
  •  
  • Sub-total
  • 24
  • 0
  • 24
  • 24
  •  
  • Career Skills Development Courses
  •  
  •  
  •  
  •  
  •  
  • First Aid Course
  • 2
  • 2
  • 4
  • 4
  •  
  • Supervised Industry Exposure
  • 0
  • 6
  • 6
  • 9
  •  
  • Sub-total
  • 2
  • 8
  • 10
  • 13
  •  
  • TOTAL
  • 59
  • 11
  • 70
  • 73
  • Course Code
  • Course Title
  • Credit Units
  • Pay Units
  • Lecture
  • Lab
  • Total
  • Hours/Week

AN EXAMPLE: CAREER ACADEMY FOR TRAVEL AND TOURISM

  • Pre-College (36)
    • General Education leading to College (24)
      • Some Electives, career required
    • Mission-determined courses (12)
      • Marriage and Family Life
  • Course Code
  • Course Title
  • Credit Units
  • Pay Units
  • Lecture
  • Lab
  • Total
  • Hours/Week
  •  
  • First Semester, Grade 11
  •  
  •  
  •  
  •  
  •  
  • History of Salvation
  • 3
  • 0
  • 3
  • 3
  •  
  • Computer Literacy and Office Productivity Tools
  • 0
  • 3
  • 3
  • 3
  •  
  • Basic Algebra
  • 3
  • 0
  • 3
  • 3
  •  
  • General Psychology
  • 3
  • 0
  • 3
  • 3
  •  
  • Principles of Tourism (Introduction to Tourism)
  • 3
  • 0
  • 3
  • 3
  •  
  • Principles of Safety, Hygiene and Sanitation
  • 3
  • 0
  • 3
  • 3
  •  
  • Sub-total
  • 15
  • 3
  • 18
  • 18
  •  
  • Desired Competencies: Perform computer operations; observe personal and workplace hygiene practices; observe health, safety and security practices; develop and update tourism industry knowledge.
  •  
  •  
  •  
  •  
  • Curriculum Outline for Career Academy for Travel and Tourism
  •  
  • Second Semester, Grade 11
  •  
  •  
  •  
  •  
  •  
  • Christology
  • 3
  • 0
  • 3
  • 3
  •  
  • Philippine History
  • 3
  • 0
  • 3
  • 3
  •  
  • Business English 1
  • 3
  • 0
  • 3
  • 3
  •  
  • Methodology of Guiding
  • 6
  • 0
  • 6
  • 6
  •  
  • Career and Customer Service Skills
  • 3
  • 0
  • 3
  • 3
  •  
  • Sub-total
  • 18
  • 0
  • 18
  • 18
  •  
  • Desired Competencies: effective workplace communication (technical writing, answering the phone etc); develop and maintain the general knowledge required by guides; determine the job qualifications, attitudes, work habits and personal qualities necessary to function satisfactorily with other individuals and in organization in the hospitality industry; demonstrate good customer relations skills. Major Output: Prepare and present tour commentaries or activities.
  •  
  •  
  •  
  •  

WHAT TO GAIN FROM THE K TO 12?

  • Facilitate an accelerated economic growth.
  • Facilitate mutual recognition of Filipino graduates and professionals in other countries.
  • A better educated society provides a sound foundation for long-term socio-economic development.
  • Several studies have shown that the improvements in the quality of education will increase GDP growth by as much as 2%. Studies in the UK, India and US show that additional years of schooling also have positive overall impact on society.

WHAT TO GAIN FROM CAREER ACADEMIES?

  • Courses in academic subjects include material specifically related to the academy’s career theme, which makes them more interesting.
  • Student’s interest is further aroused by immediate connections between the program and the real world.
  • Adults working in the field serve as mentors for students, introducing them to settings in which they might work and helping them plan their careers.

WHAT TO GAIN FROM CAREER ACADEMIES?

  • Career Academy approach is essentially flexible and adaptable to local needs, capacities and circumstances, rather than rigid and prescriptive, demonstrating that the approach can work in a wide variety of school and community settings.
  • Career Academies would increase the likelihood of students graduating on time. CA will also increase vocational course-taking for these students without reducing their likelihood of completing a basic core academic curriculum.

CHALLENGE TO IMPLEMENT K TO 12 IN CEAP SCHOOLS

  • With existing colleges or high schools
  • Stand alone
  • Minus 2 would be attractive to many
    • Work would allow them
      • To help their families
      • To earn their way through college

CHALLENGE TO IMPLEMENT K TO 12 IN CEAP SCHOOLS

  • Plus 2 ensures better college experience
    • Better Tertiary-Level General Education
    • Better Professional Training
    • Will foster learning beyond the four walls of the classroom. Not just theory but applied knowledge.
  • Develop K to 12 curriculum in Basic Education

DAGHANG SALAMAT!



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