Body Paragraph brenda white, 2012 Body Paragraph: Basics
Body Paragraph: Basics
- Body paragraphs are the workhorses of an essay.
- They carry all the supporting information and details that hold up the thesis statement.
- All discussion about the thesis topic are handled in the body paragraphs.
- Main points are presented in a logical and effective order to make them as effective as possible to the reader.
- Each body paragraph focuses on one main point that was presented in the thesis statement or introduction.
- Each paragraph begins with a topic sentence that presents the topic for discussion in that paragraph.
- Every subsequent sentence in that paragraph supports or provides details about that topic and supports the essay argument (thesis).
- Transitions should be used to effectively lead the reader.
- It strengthens an argument to acknowledge and refute an opposing point of view.
- Choose an easily-defeated point and show its flaws. It should be smoothly incorporated into the paragraph.
- A more sophisticated writer can choose a stronger argument, but it must be defeated completely or the writer runs the risk of upholding the opposing view.
- Acknowledgement and refutation should be short.
- The following acronym TAXES is one way to help remember and achieve the structure of a well-developed body paragraph. It is not the only way, however.
- T - Topic Sentence (a sentence that states the one point the paragraph will make)
- A - Assertion statements (statements that present your ideas)
- X - eXample(s) (specific passages, factual material, or concrete detail)
- E - Explanation (commentary that shows how the examples support your assertion)
- S - Significance (commentary that shows how the paragraph supports the thesis statement) TAXES gives you a formula for building the supporting paragraphs in a thesis-driven essay.
- (Kathleen Muller Moore and Susie Lan Cassel, Techniques for College Writing: The Thesis Statement and Beyond. Wadsworth, 2011)
- T or F: Body paragraphs are responsible for carrying all the support for an essay’s thesis.
- T or F: In order to be an effective paragraph or essay, items should be presented in logical order and supported well.
- T or F: Transitions are not necessary within a paragraph.
- T or F: To make a paragraph stronger, writers should never acknowledge the opposing viewpoint.
- T or F: There is only one correct way to construct a body paragraph, and that is to use TAXES.
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