Basic First Aid for Medical Emergencies Session Objectives



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Basic First Aid for Medical Emergencies

Session Objectives

  • Recognize the benefits of obtaining first-aid and CPR certification
  • Identify proper procedures for a variety of medical emergencies
  • Assist in administering first aid when a co-worker is injured
  • Do no further harm

After an accident, immediately move the victim to a comfortable position.

  • After an accident, immediately move the victim to a comfortable position.
  • If a person is bleeding, use a tourniquet.
  • Signs of a heart attack include shortness of breath, anxiety, and perspiration.
  • All burns can be treated with first aid alone; no emergency medical attention is necessary.
  • Prequiz: True or False?

Help! Emergency!

  • Minutes could make a difference

Four Basic Rules

  • 1. Call for help immediately
  • 4. Do no further harm
  • 3. Check the ABCs

Assess the Scene

  • Evaluate the scene
  • Assess safety
  • Prioritize care
  • Check for medical alert tags
  • Do head-to-toe check
  • Move only if necessary
  • © Business & Legal Reports, Inc. 1110

No Breathing

  • © Business & Legal Reports, Inc. 1110
  • Administer CPR:
    • Lay the person on his or her back
    • Give chest compressions
    • Tilt head slightly
    • Breathe into the person’s mouth
    • Continue until EMS personnel arrive

Bleeding

    • Stop the flow of blood
    • Wear gloves
    • Cover the wound
    • Apply pressure
    • If a body part has been amputated, put it on ice
  • © Business & Legal Reports, Inc. 1110

Shock

  • © Business & Legal Reports, Inc. 1110

Anaphylactic Shock

    • Give the victim medication
    • Call for help ASAP
    • Start CPR if necessary
  • © Business & Legal Reports, Inc. 1110

Heart Attack

    • Call 911
    • Make victim comfortable
    • Loosen tight clothing
    • Check for medication
    • Keep victim still
    • Don’t give stimulants

Choking

    • Ask a person to speak or cough
    • Deliver 5 back blows
    • Perform abdominal thrusts
    • Repeat sequence of back blows and abdominal thrusts

If Abdominal Thrusts Don’t Work

Electrical Shock

  • Don’t touch!
  • Turn power off
  • Call 911
  • Remove person from live wire
  • Check for breathing
  • © Business & Legal Reports, Inc. 1110
  • CPR
  • Match the problem with the correct first-aid procedure.
  • Bleeding
  • Choking
  • No breathing
  • Heart attack
  • Shock
  • Sweeten deal
  • Keep victim still
  • Direct pressure
  • Abdominal thrusts
  • Elevate feet

Review

  • Do you understand first-aid procedures for:
    • No breathing?
    • Bleeding?
    • Shock?
    • Heart attack?
    • Choking?
    • Electrical shock?
  • Do you understand first-aid procedures for:
    • No breathing?
    • Bleeding?
    • Shock?
    • Heart attack?
    • Choking?
    • Electrical shock?

Eye Injuries

    • Splashes
    • Particles in eye
    • Blow to eye
    • Cuts near eye
    • Penetrating objects
  • © Business & Legal Reports, Inc. 1110

Burns

  • First-degree burns—Reddened, painful skin
  • Second-degree burns—Blistering
  • Third-degree burns—Charring, deep tissue damage
  • © Business & Legal Reports, Inc. 1110

Exposure to Hazardous Materials

    • Eyes
    • Skin
    • Inhalation
    • Ingestion
    • Eyes
    • Skin
    • Inhalation
    • Ingestion

Broken Bones

    • Look
    • Ask
    • Treat for shock
  • © Business & Legal Reports, Inc. 1110

Heat Exhaustion

    • Move to cool place
    • Lay victim down
    • Elevate feet
    • Loosen clothing
    • Give fluids
    • Apply cool compresses
  • © Business & Legal Reports, Inc. 1110

Heatstroke

  • © Business & Legal Reports, Inc. 1110

Fainting

    • Check for breathing
    • Administer CPR if necessary
    • Call 911 if more than a few minutes
    • If conscious, lay the victim down with feet elevated

Epileptic Seizures

    • Remove victim from hazards
    • Check for breathing
    • Nothing in the mouth
    • Keep comfortable
    • Call 911 if medical assistance is needed
  • © Business & Legal Reports, Inc. 1110
  • Which is the worst kind of burn?
  • For a particle in the eye:
  • For inhalation of vapors or gases:
  • For heatstroke:
  • Multiple choice
  • a. First degree
  • a. Induce vomiting
  • a. Call 911
  • b. Third degree
  • b. Rub eye
  • b. Move to fresh air
  • b. Don’t call 911

Review

  • Do you understand first-aid procedures for:
    • Eye injuries?
    • Burns?
    • Exposure to hazardous materials?
    • Broken bones?
    • Heat exhaustion and heatstroke?
    • Fainting?
    • Epileptic seizures?
  • Do you understand first-aid procedures for:
    • Eye injuries?
    • Burns?
    • Exposure to hazardous materials?
    • Broken bones?
    • Heat exhaustion and heatstroke?
    • Fainting?
    • Epileptic seizures?

Key Points to Remember

  • Medical emergencies can happen anytime.
  • Act quickly, calmly, and correctly.
  • Consider being certified in first aid and CPR.


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