Approximately 72 multiple choice questions about reading and writing strategies
One essay response question
The nitty-gritty: You have to be correct on a little more than half of the questions (including a passing essay score) in order to pass. You a have to have about a 70% (380) to be marked “Proficient” on the test.
7 Vocabulary Questions
18 Reading Comprehension Questions (read a passage and answer questions)
20 Literary Response Questions (read literature and answer questions
One 5 Paragraph Essay: It may be one of the following
Process of elimination: you improve your chances of getting the right answer every time you can eliminate an obvious wrong choice. If you can get it down to two choices, you have a 50/50 chance of being correct!
Go back and reread: many questions refer to a specific paragraph in a text. Go back and reread the section before answering the question.
Treat Right There and Between the Line questions differently: Once in a while, the answer can be found right there on the test, in black and white. More often, you have to use your higher order thinking skills to infer (make an educated guess) the correct answer. Don’t assume all the answers on the CAHSEE will be found in the pages of the CAHSEE. Some of them are in your brain!
Reading Strategy: Talking to the Text
Talking to the Text (TttT) means “talking” with your pencil on a text.
The use of words to create vivid mental images or pictures in the reader’s head. Imagery uses the 5 senses to describe what is going on
Ex. Respiration by Mos Def, Talib Kweli and Common Click for Mos Def Lyrics
Highlight the imagery in the lyrics
We will be taking turns going on the internet and finding your favorite song and highlighting the Imager of the song
see p. 131
Irony is a literary device for conveying meaning by saying the exact opposite of what is really meant.
Sarcasm is one kind of irony. It is praise which is really an insult. Sarcasm generally involves cruelty, the desire to put someone down, for example “This is my brilliant son who failed out of college.”
Types of Irony
Verbal Irony: occurs when someone says the opposite of what the person means.
Exp: A person is having a horrible day and says, “I’ve never been so happy in my life.”
Situational Irony: occurs when what happens is the opposite of what you expect to happen.
Exp: Examples on next slide
Dramatic Irony: occurs when you, the reader or the viewer, knows something crucial that the main character does not know. This is the most important type for the CAHSEE
All you want is an Escalade. You work hard for years to buy one. The first day you buy it, you park it at the supermarket and go inside. While you are inside, someone steals your Escalade. When you come out with your groceries, the thief runs you over with your own car, breaking both your legs, and takes off in your brand new Escalade.
2. A girl lies to her boyfriend and says she has to baby-sit, but really goes to the movies with her friends. While buying popcorn, she sees her boyfriend there with another date.
Homework for Next Session
From Measuring Up (talk to the text on all reading assignments)
Suffix: Letters or groups of letters added to the end of a base word or root to change its meaning or part of speech.
see p. 15
A letter or group of letters added to a base word or root to change its meaning.
Hypersensitive (Hyper = over)
Impossible (im = not)
Monogamy (mono = one)
Postgraduate (post = after)
see p. 16
A root is the base from which a word is built by adding parts such as prefixes and suffixes. Many roots come from Latin and Greek.
Anniversary (ann = year)
Dentist (dent = tooth)
Maternity (mater = mother)
Solar (sol = sun)
see p. 15
A suffix is a letter or group of letters added to the end of a base word or root changes its meaning or part of speech.
Actor (or = one who)
Goddess (ess = female)
Beautiful (ful = full of)
Disgustingly (ly = manner of)
Basic Essay Structure Review
We will be doing lots of essay writing practice in this class!
You will write all the possible types of CAHSEE essays you may be assigned.
This brief reminder of the 5-paragraph structure is just that—a reminder!
Let us know if you need more help with essay writing—we will be doing a lot of instruction and practice on this in the class!
When you are writing you need to be aware of writing rules. You need to have all complete sentences, you need to have proper punctuation and spelling. Each paragraph is indented, and it should all make sense.
Each paragraph should have a topic sentence and supporting detail.
Each introduction paragraph should have a thesis statement at the end of the paragraph.
Making an outline makes all of this much easier!
There are endless possibilities on what type of outline you can make.
Bullet point outline
But what is important is that you organize your thoughts. What do you want to write about and what are you going to include in the essay?
After you have the outline you should break down what you are going to write in each paragraph:
Intro paragraph should introduce the topic and have the thesis statement.
Body paragraphs should each have a subtopic of the essay and discuss that topic.
Conclusion paragraph should tie up any loose ends and bring the essay to a close by reiterating what was already said and/or offer a solution.
THESIS STATEMENT is the…
_____________ of the WHOLE ESSAY
*TOPIC + OPINION*
Make sure your thesis statement answers the topic question (in your introduction – 1st paragraph)
The thesis is the most important sentence in your essay.
Real people (usually teachers) are hired by the testing company to grade essays.
They read a lot of essays, give it a score (1 through 4) quickly, and two grader’s scores are combined for your final score.
Make your essay easy to read both in terms of the structure, and in terms of handwriting. If the grader has to struggle to read your essay, they can’t pay attention to your great ideas!
Including art, dance, drama, and music in a student’s education is a topic of national debate. Some people believe that these subjects are not a necessary part of a student’s education. Others believe that these subjects are not only needed but are vital to a well-rounded education.
Write a persuasive essay explaining whether or not art, dance, drama, and music are an important part of a student’s education. Be sure to provide reasons and evidence for your position.
Peer Edit Step by Step
1. Highlight the thesis
2. Does the thesis make sense?
3. Highlight Topic Sentences.
4. Do they directly relate to the thesis?
5. Read entire essay
6. Does it make sense?
7. Are there any grammar or spelling errors?
8. Does the intro and conclusion have at least 3 sentences?
Does the Body paragraphs have at least 5 sentences?
For next class
You should have all workbook pages from the red measuring up book done and torn out of the book, and the rough draft of your essay finished. We will be meeting the week of Nov. 28th-Dec.1st. So please make sure you know what class you are assigned to and I will see you then.