Argumentative Essay Loyalist or Patriot Background



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Argumentative Essay

Loyalist or Patriot

Background: Various events of the 1700s led colonists to develop strong beliefs regarding the British government. The Trial of Peter Zenger, The Proclamation of 1763, the Boston Massacre combined with constantly changing taxes and rules that governed them made many think that self-governance was the best path for the colonies. Others felt that the King and his appointed officials had their best interests in mind and preferred to stay loyal to the crown. Later, during the American Revolution, most colonists took one side or the other. Either they were Patriots or loyalist. Patriots believed that the colonies should break away from England and govern themselves. Loyalist believed that the colonies should stay true, or loyal, to the king and to England. They were also know as Tories.

Task: During this activity, you will research the beliefs of the Loyalists and Patriots. You will then decide based on evidence and facts, if you would have been a loyalist or patriot during this time period based. Loyalists felt allegiance towards England and King George III while patriots felt strongly that the colonists should have the right to govern themselves. Decide which opinion you agree with and defend it in your essay. _________________________________________________________________

  • Helpful Hints:
    Introduction:

    • “They Say”

    • “However, I say”

    • Thesis statement – the main point you will be making in your essay.

  • Body (why you are right) (2-3 paragraphs) each reason should be one paragraph

    • Important events/evidence that defend/support your stance on the topic.

  • Counter Argument (the reason why everyone who says differently is wrong) (1 paragraph)

    • Explains the opposing view and persuasively disproves it with evidence.

  • Conclusion (1 paragraph)

    • Restate you position.

    • Summarize your main points.

  • Essay must be typed, Times New Roman type face, and size 12 font.

You must provide a bibliography (a list of where you got all your information).

The Revolutionary War split the people of the American colonies into two groups: the loyalists and the patriots.



What was a patriot?

Patriots were people who wanted the American colonies to gain their independence from Britain. They wanted their own country called the United States.



Why did people become patriots?

People in the Americas felt they weren't being treated fairly by the British. They were being taxed without any say or representation in the British government. Soon cries for "liberty" were being heard throughout the colonies. The patriots wanted freedom from British rule.



Famous Patriots

There were many famous patriots. Some of them became presidents such as Thomas Jefferson who wrote the Declaration of Independence and John Adams. Perhaps the most famous patriot at the time was George Washington who led the Continental Army and later became the first President of the United States. Other famous patriots included Paul Revere, Samuel Adams, Ethan Allen, Patrick Henry, and Ben Franklin. These people are often called the Founding Fathers of the United States.



What was a loyalist?

Not everyone who lived in the American colonies wanted to break away from the British. There were many people who wanted to stay part of Britain and remain British citizens. These people were called loyalists.



Why did some people remain loyal?

Many people felt that their lives would be better off if the colonies remained under British rule. Some of these people were simply afraid to go up against the might of the British army. Others had business interests in England and knew that English trade was important to the economy. Still others thought that British rule would be better than patriot rule.



Famous Loyalists

Since the loyalists lost the war, there aren't as many famous loyalists as there are patriots. Benedict Arnold was a general in the Continental Army who went to fight for the British. Another famous loyalist was Joseph Galloway who was the Pennsylvania delegate to the Continental Congress but later worked for the British army. Other famous loyalists include Thomas Hutchinson (governor of Massachusetts colony), Andrew Allen, John Butler (leader of the loyalists troops Butler's Rangers), and David Mathews (mayor of New York City).


What happened to loyalists during the war?

Life for the loyalists became increasingly difficult during the war. Loyalists who lived in areas controlled by the patriots were in constant danger from radical patriots. Many of them lost their homes and businesses.

Many loyalists left the country and went back to Britain. Others decided to help the British fight the patriots. They either joined the British army or formed their own groups of fighters such as the Loyal Greens and the Royal American Regiment.

What happened to the loyalists after the war?

Many loyalists moved to England after the war ended. A lot of them lost their fortunes and land that they had built up over years in the Americas. In some cases the British government paid them for their loyalty, but it was usually not nearly as much as they had lost. The United States government wanted the loyalists to stay. They felt the new country could use their skills and education. Few stayed, however.



Interesting Facts About Patriots and Loyalists

  • Other names for patriots included Sons of Liberty, Rebels, Whigs, and Colonials.

  • Other names for loyalists included Tories, Royalists, and the King's Friends.

  • Many loyalists lived in New York City. It was known as the Tory capital of America.

  • Not everyone picked a side. Many people tried to remain neutral so they could avoid conflict and the war.

  • Patriot towns created juries of men called "committees of safety". Patriots would swear an oath to these men in order to get a pass to travel freely through patriot controlled land.

  • Members of the Sons of Liberty wore a medal with a picture of a tree on it.

Grade Unit Two: Argumentative Task Scaffolding Activities

Argumentative essay topic: Would you have joined the Loyalist or Patriots during the Revolutionary War?

Task 1:


Throughout our unit of study students will have analyzed numerous source documents relating to the events leading up to and that took place during the revolutionary war. Students will use source documents to compare and contrast the positive and negative aspects that could be a result of aligning with a specific side. Students will be asked to cite textual evidence as they complete a t-chart entitled “The Pros and Cons of Picking a Side”. After completing the t-chart students will highlight the positive (pros) of these events. For the higher level students they will place the events in order by level of importance providing reasoning and justification to why they have placed the events in that order.

OSF: Positive things that were a direct result of aligning with the (loyalist of patriots) were ________________, _______________ and _______________.

OSF: Negative things that were a direct result of aligning with the (loyalist of patriots) ________________, _______________ and _______________.

Standards:

RH1 Grade 6-8: Cite specific textual evidence


WHST1B Grade 6-8: Support claim(s) with logical reasoning and relevant, accurate data and evidence that demonstrate an understanding of topic or text using credible sources.

After researching further information complete this t-chart with factual evidence that supports both sides of the argument. Make sure you have at least 4 pieces of evidence for each side of the debate.



Loyalist

Patriot

Colonist who wanted to stay part of Britain and remain British citizens. These people were called loyalists.

Colonist who wanted the American colonies to gain their independence from Britain. They wanted their own country called the United States.

Pro:

Con:




Pro:

Con:


7th Grade Unit Two: Argumentative Task Scaffolding Activities

Argumentative essay topic: Would you have joined the Loyalist or Patriots during the Revolutionary War?

Task 2:

During the second unit of study for the 7th grade we will explore various topics regarding the American Revolution and then events which led to it. One topic in which we have studied at length is the Proclamation of 1763. We learned how it outlawed colonist from settling any point west of the Appalachian Mountains. The Proclamation was intended to create organization of Britain’s North American Empire and to help smooth over relations with the Native North Americans. However, some argue that what it truly did was anger the colonist and helped to create a resentment within them that would linger for years to come, while other claim that subsequent agreements opened up a vast amount of land to be settled.



Using a series of source documents students will complete a venn diagram (see back) comparing and contrasting the items that may cause resentment with items that may lead to positive feelings as well as notating items which may be able to be seen as both. After the students complete their venn diagrams they will write a paragraph stating whether or not they feel the Proclamation of 1763 was or was not a point of contention that led to the American Revolution citing textual evidence to support their claims.

In Your Paragraph be sure to:



Standards:

RH5: Describe how a text presents information e.g., sequentially, comparatively, casually).

WHST1B Grade 6-8: Support claim(s) with logical reasoning and relevant, accurate data and evidence that demonstrate an understanding of topic or text using credible sources.

WHST1C Grade 6-8: Use words, phrases, and clauses to create cohesion and clarify the relationships among claim(s), counterclaims, reasons, evidence



Name: ______________________________ Class: ________________ Date:______________

Argumentative Essay: Would you have joined the Loyalist or Patriots during the Revolutionary War?

Scaffold 2:

Directions: In the below venn diagram place information taken from the text that would fit into each hemisphere of the diagram as labeled.

Negative feelings towards the Positive feelings towards the
crown crown
Neutral feelings


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