Argument Writing An Introductory Guide for Middle School Students An argument in writing



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Argument Writing

An argument in writing

Characteristics of Argument Writing

An Effective Claim

Types of Claims

  • Cause and effect—a person, thing, or event caused something else to happen
  • Example: Rikki Tikki Tavi’s victory over the snakes was the result of his natural abilities as a mongoose, rather than his desire to protect the people in the cottage.

Types of Claims

  • Claims of definition or fact—argue what a definition is or if something is really a fact
  • Example: In the story, “Gift of the Magi,” by O. Henry, the two characters provide an outstanding illustration what what foolish is.

Types of Claims

  • Claims about values—argue the worth of something and if it is valued.
  • While Perrault’s “Cinderella” is an interesting story, it is a second-rate story when compared to Grimm’s Cinderella version.

Types of Claims

  • Claims about solutions or policies—argue for or against certain approaches to problems.
  • Example: The Capulets have their daughter’s well-being in mind when they follow tradition and make arrangements for her to marry Paris.

Addressing the counterclaim…

  • Refutes or proves wrong, another point
  • Recognizes the other side’s points
  • Lends credence to the writer’s claims

Components of Effective Argument Writing?



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