I INTRODUCTION DEVELOPINGGRADUATEATTRIBUTE OFCULTURALAWARENESSINTEACHINGCRIMINAL LAWANDPROCEDURE Acritical,contextualapproachtothecriminallawhasalways beenthemostappropriatewaytoteachstudentsaboutcrime. This nowcohereswiththepedagogicalmilieuof ThresholdLearning Outcomes (TLOs) and graduate attributes, which requires law schools to go beyond legal doctrine and to delve into legal contexts andskills.SixLawTLOsarestipulatedinthe AustralianLearning and TeachingCouncil’sBachelorofLawsLearningandTeaching AcademicStandardsStatement.TheseincludetheKnowledgeTLO, whichstatesthatgraduatesshouldbeabletodemonstrateknowledge of‘principlesofvaluesandjustice’and‘broadercontextsinwhich legalissuesarise’;andtheThinkingSkillsTLO,whichmandatesthat graduatesbeabletoengageincriticalanalysis.TheseTLOsrequire students to learn about the differential impact of the law, including onculturallymarginalisedgroups.Inadditionto TLOs,graduate attributes have been developed inanumber oflawfaculties that set outmorespecificaspirationalqualities,includingculturalawareness, understandingculturaldiversity,andunderstandingandappreciation
*Thalia AnthonyisaSeniorLecturerintheFacultyofLaw,Universityof Technology,Sydney.TheauthorswouldliketothankDorotheaAnthony,Amanda Porter and the anonymous reviewers for their valuable beedback.
Similarly,theUNSW Lawprogramobjectivesaimtohave graduates understand and appreciate: 1 Legal knowledge in its broader contexts
2 Indigenous legal issues
3 Principles of justice and the rule of law.4 Therefore, an appreciation of how the law affects and accommodates diverse groups — in addition to being the only principled way to teach criminal law — is squarely required by TLOs and other desired graduate attributes.5
ThisarticleexploresmethodsforincorporatingIndigenousissues in the subject Criminal Law and Procedure (hereafter ‘Criminal Law’) to allow students to gain a greater understanding of cultural diversity, how it operates in the legal system, and the differential impact of the law on different groups. It draws on the authors’ experienceinteachingCriminalLawatanumberofuniversities inSydneysince2006,6 andouruseofcurrenttextbooksandother resources, in-class activities and assessment to enhance students’ understanding of Indigenous issues without compromising the core requirements of the Priestley 11.
Criminal Lawisan obvioussite forconsidering Indigenous issues given the stark interface between the criminal justice system andIndigenous Australians,butitisbynomeanstheonlyone. Indeed,forstudentstogainatrueunderstandingofthesignificance
2 Seeforexample,Universityof Adelaide,FacultyoftheProfessions:Graduate Attributes 2007, Faculty of Law,