Areas affected by desertification and land degradation Desertification affects over 40% of total world land area



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  • to Combat Desertification
  • DLDD = Desertification Land Degradation & Drought
  • Impact of Land degradation, desertification and drought on sustainable development of LLDCs
  • NK, NYLO

Areas affected by desertification and land degradation

Desertification affects over 40% of total world land area

  • Africa: Two thirds drylands, 73 % is moderately or severely affected
  • Asia: One third is drylands, 71% affected, All Pacific islands states face some sort of land degradation
  • North America proportion of drylands is 74%
  • Five European Union countries are affected
  • Latin America and the Caribbean: one fourth drylands, 75% affected
  • 110 countries have drylands that are potentially at risk.
  • Over 250 million people are directly affected and
  • One billion under threat or at risk
  • Global desertification costs: US$42 Billion;

Land is a finite resource

  • DLDD: Some facts & figures
  • ?
  • Sustainable
  • Development
  • Forest
  • Land
  • DLDD
  •  More than 50% of agricultural moderately to severely degraded  LD directly affects 1,5 billion people
  • globally
  •  75 billion tons of fertile soil disappear/year
  •  12 million ha/Year lost due to drought and desertification
  •  Six million km2 of drylands bear a legacy of desertification
  •  Biodiversity: 27,000 species lost each year due to LD
  •  “Improved management of the world’s land (including terrestrial carbon)
  • represents 1/3rd of the overall global abatement potential in 2030
  • Cli
  • B
  • Human activity :over cultivation, over grazing
  • Deforestation
  • Poor agricultural practices
  • Drought and Climate Change
  • Extreme
  • Poverty
  • Increased
  • emissions of GHG
  • Deforestation
  • & Hunger
  • Instability &
  • Crises
  • Increased to Drought & Water stress
  • Biodiversity
  • Loss
  • Migrations
  • DLDD has far-reaching impacts
  • Drylands and Conflicts (Cf. “Common Wealth” by J. Sachs)
  • Drought potential worldwide 2000-2098
  • Source : University Corporation for Atmospheric Research - http://www2.ucar.edu/news/2904/climate-change-drought-may-threaten-much-globe-within-decades
  • S

“Future We Want”

  • Desertification, land degradation and drought
  • 205. We recognize the economic and social significance of good land management,
  • including soil, particularly its contribution to economic growth, biodiversity,
  • sustainable agriculture and food security, eradicating poverty, the empowerment of
  • women, addressing climate change and improving water availability. We stress that
  • desertification, land degradation and drought are challenges of a global dimension
  • and continue to pose serious challenges to the sustainable development of all
  • countries, in particular developing countries. We also stress the particular challenges
  • this poses for Africa, the least developed countries and the landlocked developing
  • countries. In this regard, we express deep concern for the devastating consequences
  • of cyclical drought and famine in Africa, in particular in the Horn of Africa and the
  • Sahel region, and call for urgent action through short-, medium- and long-term
  • measures at all levels.
  • 206. We recognize the need for urgent action to reverse land degradation. In view of
  • this, we will strive to achieve a land-degradation neutral world in the context of
  • sustainable development. This should act to catalyse financial resources from a
  • range of public and private sources.
  • U
  • Cost of Action Vs Inaction
  • The Economics of Land Degradation
  • ZNLD
  • Type 1 - High degradation trend
  • Rehabilitate if economically
  • or highly degraded lands: 25%
  • feasible; mitigate where
  • degrading trends are high
  • Introduce measure to mitigate
  • trend in slightly or moderately
  • degradation
  • degraded land: 8%
  • Type 3 - Stable land, slightly or
  • moderately degraded: 36%
  • Type 4 - Improving lands: 10%
  • Reinforcement of enabling
  • conditions which foster SLM
  • Source FAO SOLAW 2011
  • Source: W and the Gl
  • http://www
  • Poverty eradication
  • Sustainable Land & Water Management
  • Climate change
  • Land is a win-win context for adaptation, mitigation &
  • resilience building
  • Avoided
  • Deforestation
  • Sust. Land Management & Restoration of degraded Lands as an alternative to
  • Deforestation
  • Preserving the resource base for food security - Land
  • productivity/Soil fertility
  • improvement at the core of all long term strategies
  • Holistic Managemt
  • Opportunities for Bio energies through biomass
  • production
  • Drought & Water stress
  • Improving water availability &
  • quality through sustainable
  • land & water management
  • Biodiversity
  • ecosystems’ conditions
  • Avoiding Forced Migrations
  • Changing the DAM paradigm “Degrade-Abandon-Migrate”
  • Thank you
  • "If you will not fight for right when you can easily win without bloodshed; if you will not fight when your victory is sure and not too costly; you may come to the moment when you will have to fight with all the odds against you and only a precarious chance of survival. There may even be a worse case. You may have to fight when there is no hope of victory…”.


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