Appropriate Words or Expressions in Context



Download 12,33 Kb.
Date conversion28.12.2016
Size12,33 Kb.
  • chomp!
  • chomp!

Appropriate Words or Expressions in Context

  • Astonished? Astounded? Bewildered? Confounded? Dazed? Dazzled?
  • What’s the right word?
  • This presentation will help you distinguish between appropriate and inappropriate words or expressions for the given context.

On an objective test, an item evaluating the skill might look like this . . .

Sample Item

    • When Lawrence stuck French fries up his nose, we shouted, “Yuck!” We were __________ by his behavior.
    • unfazed
    • dazzled
    • repulsed
  • Is unfazed, dazzled, or repulsed the best word to fill the blank?
  • Repulsed, which means disgusted or sickened, is the right choice.
  • I just don’t get what’s wrong with snot on French fries!
  • What if I don’t know any of words that are options?
  • Don’t panic! Try to determine the right word by looking for clues about meaning!

Clue 1: Look for a definition.

  • Sharilyn suffers from cynophobia, or the fear of dogs, so she won’t be interested in adopting a puppy.
  • Look at the sentence! The author has defined it for you! It means the fear of dogs.
  • Look for commas, parentheses, or dashes that encapsulate (or set off) the definition.
  • Sharilyn suffers from cynophobia, or the fear of dogs, so she won’t be interested in adopting a puppy.

Clue 2: Look for examples.

  • My dog Jack is obdurate; for example, he won’t get off the couch when I ask or come when he’s called.
  • Obdurate! That’s another big word! I don’t know what it means!
  • Look at the sentence! The author gives examples! You can conclude that Jack is stubborn, a synonym for obdurate.
  • Look for phrases like to illustrate, for instance, or such as that provide examples that define the word you don’t know.
  • My dog Jack is obdurate; for example, he won’t get off the couch when I ask or come when he’s called.

Clue 3: Look for contrast.

  • Jill was sick with the flu, so when we explained the salubrious properties of chocolate-broccoli muffins, she ate one.
  • Salubrious! I’ve never heard of it! How am I supposed to know if it’s the right word or not?
  • Look at the sentence! If she’s sick, she wants to get well, so salubrious must mean health-giving!
  • Look for an antonym—a word that means the opposite—to help figure out the meaning of the word you don’t know.
  • Jill was sick with the flu, so when we explained the salubrious properties of chocolate-broccoli muffins, she ate one.

Clue 4: Infer the meaning.

  • Sobriquet! Who uses that word! I don’t know what it means!
  • Guess, or infer, the meaning! Mothers like to call their children by their real names.
  • Sparky must be a nickname, which is what a sobriquet is!
  • Everyone calls that boy Sparky. Only his mother refuses to use the sobriquet, shouting, “Cornelius!” when dinner is ready.

At many objective exams, you cannot use a dictionary!

  • X

When in doubt, rely on “gut” feelings.

  • Your eyes have seen in print — and your brain has registered — all of the possible words that you will encounter for this skill. If you don’t know the meaning of any of the words, go with the one that feels right.
  • Hey, I’ve seen that word before!

Quick Test

  • Directions: In the items that follow, choose the most effective word or phrase within the context suggested by the sentence(s).
  • Your turn!
  • Let’s see what you can do!

Item 1

    • After an exhausting all-nighter to finish Professor Clark’s research paper, we found his dull lecture the next morning __________.
    • uplifting
    • excruciating
    • inspiring
    • After an exhausting all-nighter to finish Professor Clark’s research paper, we found his dull lecture the next morning __________.
    • uplifting
    • excruciating
    • inspiring

Item 2

    • After Betsy’s last purchase of a lemon—and the dealership’s unwillingness to repair problems that she thought the warranty covered—Betsy __________ the contract for her new car before she signed it.
    • scrutinized
    • skimmed
    • glanced at
    • After Betsy’s last purchase of a lemon—and the dealership’s unwillingness to repair problems that she thought the warranty covered—Betsy __________ the contract for her new car before she signed it.
    • scrutinized
    • skimmed
    • glanced at

Item 3

    • Walter winced as he tasted the sauce, shook his head, and sighed. His __________ for Loretta’s cooking was obvious.
    • horror
    • excitement
    • disdain
    • Walter winced as he tasted the sauce, shook his head, and sighed. His __________ for Loretta’s cooking was obvious.
    • horror
    • excitement
    • disdain

Item 4

    • The students wished Professor Davis gave __________ directions for essays. Instead, the assignment sheets are pages long and chocked full of requirements.
    • complicated
    • wide
    • succinct
    • The students wished Professor Davis gave __________ directions for essays. Instead, the assignment sheets are pages long and chocked full of requirements.
    • complicated
    • wide
    • succinct

Item 5

    • Sara was filled with __________, for she had emailed Professor Carson to explain that she was too ill to attend class but then ran into him at the Student Center, a tennis racquet in her hand.
    • trepidation
    • mirth
    • brevity
    • Sara was filled with __________, for she had emailed Professor Carson to explain that she was too ill to attend class but then ran into him at the Student Center, a tennis racquet in her hand.
    • trepidation
    • mirth
    • brevity

Item 6

    • Simon had to __________ his cell phone after it rang for the third time in class.
    • relinquish
    • amputate
    • postpone
    • Simon had to __________ his cell phone after it rang for the third time in class.
    • relinquish
    • amputate
    • postpone

Item 7

    • Roger’s car holds four people comfortably, but he stuffed nine classmates into the little vehicle. Larissa had difficulty __________ herself from the backseat when they arrived at her house.
    • modifying
    • hovering
    • extricating
    • Roger’s car holds four people comfortably, but he stuffed nine classmates into the little vehicle. Larissa had difficulty __________ herself from the backseat when they arrived at her house.
    • modifying
    • hovering
    • extricating

Item 8

    • Winston read his essay with a ruler, scrutinizing each line for errors. When he finished, he read it again just as carefully. We found his behavior __________, but teachers loved his control of grammar.
    • punitive
    • redundant
    • lackadaisical
    • Winston read his essay with a ruler, scrutinizing each line for errors. When he finished, he read it again just as carefully. We found his behavior __________, but teachers loved his control of grammar.
    • punitive
    • redundant
    • lackadaisical

Item 9

    • Larry dyed his hair blue and green and painted his face and torso in the same school colors. In addition, he wore flippers on his feet and hands. When his girlfriend Maria saw his game-day preparations, she gasped and declared them __________.
    • subdued
    • ostentatious
    • pedestrian
    • Larry dyed his hair blue and green and painted his face and torso in the same school colors. In addition, he wore flippers on his feet and hands. When his girlfriend Maria saw his game-day preparations, she gasped and declared them __________.
    • subdued
    • ostentatious
    • pedestrian

Item 10

    • We followed the guide down the stairs to the floor below the lobby. Then we toured the __________ storerooms where the museum kept priceless treasures not on display.
    • subterranean
    • lofty
    • incapacitated
    • We followed the guide down the stairs to the floor below the lobby. Then we toured the __________ storerooms where the museum kept priceless treasures not on display.
    • subterranean
    • lofty
    • incapacitated
  • Or the End.
  • After the denouement


The database is protected by copyright ©sckool.org 2016
send message

    Main page