|Answer key Grade 10
True or False and explain why
True: As the soviet union had been firmly controlling most of east European nations, they exploited these countries economically which led some countries to revolt such as Czechoslovakia, Poland and Hungary.
True: Hungary witnessed economic unrest which led them to revolt against communism wishing to have a free nation.
False: The soviets invaded Hungary when Imre Nagy declared Hungary a free nation and executed Nagy.
False: Gomulka feared the Soviet armed response and remained loyal to the Warsaw pact.
True: The Soviets did not like the fact that Czechoslovakia was experiencing a new Euphoria period known as the "Prague Spring" under Dubcek's rule. So, the Soviets invaded Czechoslovakia and replaced Dubcek with Gustav Husak.
False: The attempt to increase agriculture failed and ruined Khrushchev's reputation.
False: He decreased the control on literary work as he allowed the publication of a book called "one day in life of Ivan Denisovich".
False: Stalin's regime.
True: His foreign policies were a failure such as the decision to send missiles to Cuba.
False: Stalin's 5 year plan in the Soviet Union OR Dubcek's reforms in Czechoslovakia was to have freedom of speech and travel abroad.
Albania and Yugoslavia were exceptions to this pattern of Soviet dominance. Both countries had strong communist movements that resisted the Nazis and local communist parties took control. In Albania, they had Stalinist type regime that grew more and more independent of the Soviet Union. While in Yugoslavia, Josip Broz Known as Tito had been the leader of the communist resistance movement. He moved toward the creation of an independent communist state in Yugoslavia. Stalin wanted to take over the country but Tito refused to give in and gained support of the people by showing the struggle as one of Yugoslav national freedom.
2) During the Cold War, the USA and the Soviet Union both wanted to feel that they were in power and feel secure. This search for security led to the creation of new military alliances by which If the USA or the Soviet Union go into war against each other, their allies will go into the war and support them militarily. Such as the North Atlantic Treaty Organization (NATO) which was formed by Italy, Britain, USA, Norway, Iceland, Belgium, Portugal, France, Denmark and Canada. In response to this treaty the Soviet Union joined with Albania, Bulgaria, Czechoslovakia, East Germany, Hungary, Poland and Romania in a formal military alliance known as the Warsaw Pact.
Later on, new military alliances started so spread to the rest of the world by the USA and its allies with other countries around the world such as the Southeast Asia Treaty Organization (SEATO) and the Central Treaty Organization (CENTO). By mid- 1950s, the USA found itself allied militarily with 42 states.
3) Stalin's 5 year plan included a new industrial base by which Stalin returned to the 1930's methods which included that:
Workers were expected to produce goods for export with little in return for themselves and the incoming capital from abroad could then be used to buy machinery and western technology.
He increased Heavy industry (the manufacture of machines and equipment for factories and mines) for the benefit of the military.
He decreased the consumers goods production as the growth rate for heavy industry was three times that of consumer goods.
Stalin distrusted competitors, exercised sole power and had little respect for other communist party leaders.
Stalin repressed people as he created secret police and military forces.