|Honors Humanities Study Sheet
Test #2: Ancient Greece
Don’t forget that you have the Creative Impulse book, which shows almost all the Greek art and architecture you need to know as well as maps and timelines. The PowerPoint of Greek art and architecture that you are required to view is posted on ePark2. There is no other test review PowerPoint for this unit. See the website for directions for how to access ePark2.
There will be a map, and you should be able to locate all of these places on it.
Aegean Sea Mediterranean Sea
Doric Ionic frieze entasis
Corinthian Parthenon column capital
pediment order fluting 4:9
symmetria Salamis relief post and lintel architrave
golden ratio (1:1.6) relief drums Athena
What order is the Parthenon? Do you know the column dance?
kouros kore Archaic smile
Kritios/Critios/Krition Boy Doryphorus torque
Nike of Samothrace contrapposto
Dying Gaul Laocoön and His Two Sons
Riace Bronzes (in How Art Made the World Film and Ms. Bates’ PowerPoint)
VERY IMPORTANT: Read the introductions to The Iliad and Oedipus Rex in the Norton Anthology. Read the summary of Oedipus Rex on the play instructions handout on the website. Know plot, characters, themes, key scenes. Review with Cliff Notes, Spark Notes, or Shmoop. Prepare for quotation identification. See the handout with some practice questions for quotation identification (under Unit Two Handouts on the website).
Socrates Plato Aristotle Alexander the Great
What is Protagoras’ most famous quotation?
chorus tragedy reversal of fortune
fatal flaw hubris democracy
epic hero epic/epic form
Know each character, his or her role in the plot, and his or her motivations. Some of the spellings of these characters’ names are different depending on your version of the Norton Anthology. If there are two spellings, both will be shown on the exam.
Athena Jocaste (Iocaste) Paris
Achilles (Akilleus) Tieresias (Tyresias) Hera
Menalaus Agamemnon Creon
Aphrodite Laius Helen
Hector (Hektor) Andromache Priam
Astyanax Hecuba (Hekuba) Oedipus
Polybus and Merope
Ideas and Themes
What was considered “ideal” by ancient Greeks?
According to various Greek philosophers and characters in ancient Greek literature: What is true? What is beautiful? What is good?
What are the characteristics of a hero? An epic hero? What is the difference?
What role do the gods play in ancient Greek life?
Are humans’ fates destined, or do people have free will?
How are the roles of men and women different in ancient Greek society?
How might you describe the theater in ancient Greece? Why did Aristotle say Oedipus Rex by Sophocles was a perfect play? [See Aristotle’s Poetics in your Norton.]
What are specific ways the geography and climate of ancient Greece shaped its culture?
How do the arts, literature, architecture, and artifacts of ancient Greece reflect its values?
Is ancient Greece a dynamic, constantly changing civilization? Or a static, unchanging civilization?
What common threads do you see in the mythology of the ancient Greeks and the mythology of the other ancient cultures you have studied?
What do the Venus of Willendorf, the Riace bronzes, super models, and body builders tell us about human nature?
Thesis for Essay Question
See the separate handouts (under Unit Two Handouts on the website) for the essay prompt and tips for how to construct a thesis statement.