Ancient Greece Don’t forget that you have the Creative Impulse book, which shows almost all the Greek art and architecture you need to know as well as maps and timelines



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Honors Humanities Study Sheet

Test #2: Ancient Greece


Don’t forget that you have the Creative Impulse book, which shows almost all the Greek art and architecture you need to know as well as maps and timelines. The PowerPoint of Greek art and architecture that you are required to view is posted on ePark2. There is no other test review PowerPoint for this unit. See the website for directions for how to access ePark2.

Places


There will be a map, and you should be able to locate all of these places on it.

Athens Acropolis

Troy Delphi

Greece Italy

Aegean Sea Mediterranean Sea

Periods in Art and History


Archaic Period

Classical Period

Hellenistic Period

Architecture


Doric Ionic frieze entasis

Corinthian Parthenon column capital

pediment order fluting 4:9

symmetria Salamis relief post and lintel architrave

golden ratio (1:1.6) relief drums Athena

What order is the Parthenon? Do you know the column dance?




Sculpture


kouros kore Archaic smile

Kritios/Critios/Krition Boy Doryphorus torque

Nike of Samothrace contrapposto

Dying Gaul Laocoön and His Two Sons

plinth Discobolus

Riace Bronzes (in How Art Made the World Film and Ms. Bates’ PowerPoint)




Literature


VERY IMPORTANT: Read the introductions to The Iliad and Oedipus Rex in the Norton Anthology. Read the summary of Oedipus Rex on the play instructions handout on the website. Know plot, characters, themes, key scenes. Review with Cliff Notes, Spark Notes, or Shmoop. Prepare for quotation identification. See the handout with some practice questions for quotation identification (under Unit Two Handouts on the website).

The Iliad

Oedipus

The Republic

Philosophers/Students/Writers


Socrates Plato Aristotle Alexander the Great

Sophocles Sophists

What is Protagoras’ most famous quotation?

Terms


chorus tragedy reversal of fortune

fatal flaw hubris democracy

epic hero epic/epic form

Characters


Know each character, his or her role in the plot, and his or her motivations. Some of the spellings of these characters’ names are different depending on your version of the Norton Anthology. If there are two spellings, both will be shown on the exam.
Athena Jocaste (Iocaste) Paris

Achilles (Akilleus) Tieresias (Tyresias) Hera

Menalaus Agamemnon Creon

Aphrodite Laius Helen

Hector (Hektor) Andromache Priam

Astyanax Hecuba (Hekuba) Oedipus



Polybus and Merope

Ideas and Themes

  • What was considered “ideal” by ancient Greeks?

  • According to various Greek philosophers and characters in ancient Greek literature: What is true? What is beautiful? What is good?

  • What are the characteristics of a hero? An epic hero? What is the difference?

  • What role do the gods play in ancient Greek life?

  • Are humans’ fates destined, or do people have free will?

  • How are the roles of men and women different in ancient Greek society?

  • How might you describe the theater in ancient Greece? Why did Aristotle say Oedipus Rex by Sophocles was a perfect play? [See Aristotle’s Poetics in your Norton.]

  • What are specific ways the geography and climate of ancient Greece shaped its culture?

  • How do the arts, literature, architecture, and artifacts of ancient Greece reflect its values?

  • Is ancient Greece a dynamic, constantly changing civilization? Or a static, unchanging civilization?

  • What common threads do you see in the mythology of the ancient Greeks and the mythology of the other ancient cultures you have studied?

  • What do the Venus of Willendorf, the Riace bronzes, super models, and body builders tell us about human nature?



Thesis for Essay Question


See the separate handouts (under Unit Two Handouts on the website) for the essay prompt and tips for how to construct a thesis statement.


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