Agriculture: Point by Point As demonstrated by Phil Ort, Emily Hollenberg, and Nikki Wagner Agriculture- what Is It?

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Agriculture: Point by Point

  • As demonstrated by Phil Ort, Emily Hollenberg, and Nikki Wagner

Agriculture- What Is It?

  • Agriculture is the norms, procedures, uses, practices, ideas of and fruits pertaining to the land, the soil, and all its content and derivative works.
  • Furthermore, agriculture must have a feasible impact, be interactive, have norms and ideas relating it to society, and most importantly relate to the land and its uses.

The Two Fold Strategy: Induction

  • Thesis: Induction is stating a general thesis and then going point by point explaining the thesis with evidence. We’ve all done it- it’s writing a topical essay! Induction relies heavily on logos; pathos and ethos are very secondary in this argumentation strategy.

Evidence for Induction

  • A life example of induction is the five paragraph essay. In the introduction, the topic is introduced along with the thesis. The body paragraphs are bulleted points of evidence that support the thesis. The evidence, even in separate points and paragraphs, is all linked back to the thesis statement. Once the evidence is provided in the body paragraphs, the thesis is restated with links back to the evidence.

Conclusion and Restatement

  • Having given an example in the form of a topical essay as a topical essay, the nature of induction is shown at its base form. The thesis is introduced, the evidence, as on the previous slide, is given as support, and then the thesis is restated from a strong position supported by the aforementioned evidence.

The Two Fold Strategy: Deduction

  • What is deduction?
  • To see deduction in action, we must look at one of the greatest deductive artists of all time, Sherlock Holmes.
  • Sorry if you were expecting someone from CSI.

“Holmes” on Holmes- The Story

  • This begins with the story of the five orange pips.
  • One evening our hero, Sherlock Holmes, had a young man come to his door with a pressing situation.
  • The young man was being pursued by the KKK because he had a list of their members, which roused their ire.

The Sheer Evidence

  • The young man to Holmes for advice on what he should do. Holmes gave him this advice: give back the names. He was then unceremoniously thrown from Holmes’s place of residence.
  • Later that night, the young man died.
  • When Holmes heard, he became distraught.
  • Holmes had only very basic evidence at his disposal to find the killers.

The Sheer Evidence… Continued

  • Holmes’s Evidence: five orange pips, a weathered seawater stained envelope, American ink, and a knowledge of tattoos. (Of course, Holmes was very well oriented with the tattoos of his day.)
  • Holmes understood that the five orange pips were a death sentence. He’d also deduced from the envelope that it had come from an American vessel and was dated to where he could trace the ship.

The Sheer Evidence… Still Continued

  • After having deduced the origins of the ship, he traced the American ink to a specific brand used by certain passengers on the ship. He also used his knowledge of tattoos to find a sailor who had connections.
  • In short… he caught the killers.

The Thesis: Deduction

  • Sherlock Holmes had looked closely at the evidence and thought carefully on it. Thus, he formed a thesis, showing his baffling powers of deduction.
  • So, our thesis for deduction, after providing evidence in our example is:
  • Being the opposite of induction, which by its nature presents a thesis and then supports it, deduction must therefore involve looking at the evidence first to obtain a thesis.

If You Were Confused… or Sleeping…

  • In other words, deduction is using the power of evidence to create a thesis statement, NOT using a thesis statement to begin with. The evidence is laid out in a step by step logical manner, and then a thesis is created from the evidence.
  • In this manner, Sherlock Holmes serves a one of the greatest examples of deduction.

In Summation: Induction and Deduction

  • Induction is starting with a thesis and explaining it with evidence.
  • Deduction is starting with the evidence and concluding with a thesis.
  • Now… finally… on to agriculture!

Agriculture Inductively

  • Agriculture is the norms, procedures, uses, practices, ideas of and fruits pertaining to the land, the soil, and all its content and derivative works.
  • What is agriculture? This question implies a few things; firstly, “what” implies that agriculture has no single encompassing definition. Secondly, “is” implies that agriculture has tangible impact and that we were able to physically interact with it.

Inductively… Continued

  • Finally, the word “agriculture” is composed of two ideas. “Agri” refers to the land and the soil, and it encompasses the entirety of its fruits/uses. “Culture” is substance, or practices, the norms and ideas of society, as it relates to the subject.
  • Therefore, we can conclude that agriculture must have a feasible impact, be interactive, relate to the ideas and norms of society, and pertain to the land and its uses.

Agriculture Deductively

  • What is agriculture?
  • Well… we’ve answered this a few times already. But for completeness, here it is again.
  • The question implies that agriculture has no single encompassing definition and that it has to be tangible and that we are able to physically interact with it.

Deductively… Continued

  • Broken down the word agriculture has two main ideas. “Culture” refers to the substance or practices of society as it relates to something and the ideas about it. “Agri” refers to the earth and the soil and its various components and uses.
  • So! Our thesis statement, judging by our evidence, is that agriculture is the norms, procedures, uses, practices, ideas of and fruits pertaining to the land, the soil, and all its content and derivative works.

A Taste of the Good Earth

  • Earlier we said that agriculture must have feasible impact and be interactive, relate to some ideas of society and explore the usefulness of land. The perfect example of this is Full Belly Farm.
  • The farm relates to society as a counter-norm, choosing green methods where others choose mass production.

A Taste of the Good Earth… Continued

  • Full Belly Farm also explores an interactive nature, which can be achieved by using the land to its fullest. As the sheep graze, they fertilize and till the soil, showing a connectivity in the farm life.
  • Lastly, Full Belly Farm is feasibly able to produce enough food for its workers and beyond while remaining environmentally friendly, making it a prime example of agriculture in and of itself.

The Whole Sha-Bang Conclusion

  • Having explored with vigorous consistency the definition of agriculture and the argumentation methods which we used to define it, we have created a wide-ranging definition which also supports specificity.
  • We inductively defined induction and we deductively defined deduction.
  • We did the same to agriculture.
  • Let’s see what the pros have to say.

Other Professional Definitions of Agriculture

  • Webster says that agriculture is: the art or science of cultivating the ground, and raising, and harvesting crops, often including also feeding, breeding, and management of livestock; tillage; husbandry; farming; in a broader sense the science and art of the production of plants and animals useful to man, including to a variable extent the preparation of these products for a man’s use, and their disposal by marketing or otherwise. In this broad use it includes farming, horticulture, forestry, sugar making, etc.

Why Simple is Better

  • Did you understand that? Although Webster is insidiously thorough, it is very verbose.
  • Our definition in comparison covers all of these details yet takes up a lot less ink, saves some trees, and leaves you with less of a headache after reading. It also gives a sense of broadness with that air of specificity, and allows that sense of tangibility and interactivity.
  • This is why our definition is sound and reliable. Our thesis and evidence back it up.

Works Cited

  • Lappé, Anna. Diet for a Hot Planet: the Climate Crisis at the End of Your Fork and What You Can Do about It. New York: Bloomsbury USA, 2010. Print.
  • Greenberg, Martin Harry., and Carol-Lynn Rössel. Waugh. The New Adventures of Sherlock Holmes: Original Stories. New York: Carroll & Graf, 1987. Print.
  • Webster, Noah, William Allan Neilson, Thomas A. Knott, and Paul W. Carhart. Webster's New International Dictionary of the English Language: Second Edition, Unabridged, Utilizing All the Experience and Resources of More than One Hundred Years of Merriam-Webster Dictionaries,. Springfield, MA: Merriam, 1955. Print.

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