Age of Exploration Ms. Hunt Unit 2 rms ib 2013-2014 “Hit the Seas” Flocabulary

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Age of Exploration

  • Ms. Hunt
  • Unit 2
  • RMS IB 2013-2014

“Hit the Seas” Flocabulary

  • Before we get started… With your neighbor, brainstorm all the information you know about the Age of Exploration.
    • This may be inferences or facts you can recall regarding the topic.
    • Places your bullet points in the “banner spot” provided in the top right hand corner!
  • Listen/ Read “Hit the Seas”
  • With your neighbors, complete the question boxes located on the right side of your worksheet.
    • Be sure to fully answer each questions and/or topic!
    • You will have 6 minutes to complete this assignment. Be prepared to share your responses!

What led Europeans to explore?

  • The Renaissance
    • Age of Exploration grew out of the want to explorer and know new things
  • Desire for wealth
    • Wanted to increase trade and gain new materials from far off lands
  • Wish to spread Christianity
    • After the Crusades, Europeans wished to strengthen the religion and it’s followers through expansion.
  • Claim new lands
    • New lands helped with trading and creating a powerful government

Portugal- The Leader of the Age of Exploration

  • Location
    • Portugal’s location allowed quick access to the sea
  • Government Support
    • Prince Henry the Navigator established a school of navigation in 1419 to increase the use of seas for trade
    • Became interested in overseas trade after winning a war against tribes in Africa

Maritime Technology

  • Portugal’s school of navigation was one of the first to use new technology during the Age of Exploration.
  • Caravels- new ship designed to move quickly, about 65 feet long
  • Lateen Sails- type of sail that allowed a ship to sail into the wind
  • Astrolabe- helps sailors to determine the longitude and latitude of their ship in relation to a map
    • Arabic invention
  • Magnetic Compass
    • Invented by the Chinese in 220 B.C. and first used for navigation during the Age of Exploration

Document 1- Astrolabe and Caravel

  • *Answer the questions assigned to your group.
  • Your responses should be full, detailed, and correct based off the document and group discussion.
  • Work as a team to complete you document analysis!!!!

Exploration Begins!

  • Portuguese are the first to sail down the western coast of Africa.
  • Vasco De Gama- 1497 -1498, rounded Africa and reached India
    • He returned with a cargo valued at 60 times the cost of his voyage!

Spanish Exploration

  • Christopher Columbus- Italian explorer who sailed for Spain
    • Landed in the Bahamas but thought it was the eastern coast of India.
  • Made 3 trips to the Americas and created multiple colonies for Spain

Document 2- Columbus Images

  • *Remember your group work expectations!!!
  • - Answer the questions assigned to your group in your document packet!

The Columbian Exchange

  • Define- The exchange (trading) of goods between the American colonies and Europe.
    • Included but not limited to crops, raw materials, bacteria, diseases, animals, and plants

Items Exchanged

  • From the Old World
  • Crops: wheat, barley, oats,rice, grapes, sugar cane, bananas, olives, peaches, pears, coffee beans, citrus fruits,
  • Animals: horses, cattle, sheep, goats, black rat
  • Diseases: malaria, small pox, influenza, chicken pox, measles, yellow fever.
  • From the New World
  • Crops: corn, sweet potatoes, potatoes, manioc, pumpkins, tobacco, avocados, peppers, peanuts, tomatoes, beans, vanilla, pineapple, squash, cacao bean.
  • Animal: turkey
  • Diseases: polio, hepatitis, encephalitus

Document 3- Columbus’ Letter

  • “Sir, --- Believing that you will take pleasure in hearing of the great success which our Lord has granted me in my voyage, I write you this letter, whereby you will learn how in thirty-seven days time I reached the Indies with the fleet which the most illustrious King and Queen, our sovereigns, gave to me, where I found very many islands thickly peopled…
  • They assure me that there is another island larger than (Hispaniola) in which the inhabitants have no hair. It is extremely rich in gold: and I bring with me Indians taken from these different islands, who will testify to all these things. Finally, and speaking only of what has taken place in this voyage… their Highnesses may see that I shall give them all the gold they require, if they will give me a little assistance; spices also, and cotton, and mastic, hithero found only in Greece….I think also I have found rhubarb and cinnamon, and I shall find a thousand other valuable things.”
  • -Christopher Columbus (1493)

Document 4- European Empires in Americas, 1700

  • Helpful Hints-
  • *Work as a group to analyze the document!
  • *You are responsible for completing your document packet!!!

Document 5- Tax on the Bridge

Document 6- Aztec Drawing

Document 7- Age of Exploration Timeline

  • Complete all questions your group was assigned regarding the Age of Exploration Timeline.
  • When your group is finished, go through your document packet adding more details, explanation, and information to the answers!
    • You want as much information as possible in your packet!!!!

Document Based Essay Outline

  • Let’s Review- What questions am I answering?
  • During class today, you will be responsible for completing an independent Document Based Essay Outline Worksheet!
    • You MAY HELP your neighbors with organization and brainstorming ideas.
    • Make sure your essay is your work! No essay should match!!
  • Directions:
    • You will receive 6-9 minutes to complete each section of your outline (Introduction, Paragraph 2, Paragraph 3, and Conclusion)
    • Ms. Hunt will review the directions for each section before you move ahead.
  • You will be responsible for completing your final essay next class!!!!

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