Midterm Essay: Describe the African slave trade. Be sure to discuss how slavery of Africans differed from earlier forms of slavery, the economic basis, trade routes, numbers, destinations, and the effects of the trade.
What motives led to Europeans to explore the coast of Africa during 1400’s (#3)
Middle Passage: slave ship trip across Atlantic (see handout)
The "triangle trade" carried agricultural products from America to Europe, manufactured goods from Europe to Africa, and slaves from Africa to America. As this map shows, though, it more more complicated than a single triangle.
Conditions on board the slave ships were so inhuman that many did not survive the voyage. This famous image shows the way slaves would be chained lying down on benches for perhaps 100 days, unable even to sit up.
Unbelievably, this formation was known as "loose pack" as the slaves were lying on their backs. The alternative, "tight pack", which had the slaves lying on their sides, allowed the slaver to fit more slaves onto the ship. However it was eventually abandoned, not for humanitarian reasons but due to the brutal economic calculation that the higher mortality rate of "tight pack" meant that fewer slaves reached the new world alive than with "loose pack".