Adding Information in addition, additionally, furthermore, moreover, Examples



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SENTENCE FLUENCY: Transition Words and Phrases

Adding Information


in addition,

additionally,


furthermore,
moreover,

Examples
You must complete this essay by 5 p.m. In addition, you must do the exercises on page 47.

Students should be on time; furthermore, they must be prepared.
Cheating is dishonest. Moreover, it hinders students from learning.

Giving Examples

Q
for example,

for instance,

i
TP2
n fact,


TP


specifically,

Examples

George is a compassionate character in the novella Of Mice and Men. For example, George said, ‘ “All the time he done bad things, but he never done one of ‘em mean”’ (Steinbeck 95).




Lennie is always causing trouble; for instance, he and George were run out of Weed because….
Ironically, after killing Lennie, George remained protective of his friend. In fact, in the end, George defended Lennie’s dignity by lying to the men about how Lennie died.


Due in part to his disability, Lennie likes to pet soft objects; specifically, Lennie gains comfort by a “velvety” or “furry” touch.

Showing Contrast
Although…..,

however, ;however,

,however,


on the other hand,


instead,

in contrast,

Examples

Although George and Lennie share loyal relationship, George often behaved like a babysitter instead of a friend because Lennie was mentally challenged.

George and Lennie share a loyal friendship; however, George is forced to behave more like a babysitter because of Lennie’s disability.

Lennie’s disability affects him negatively in many ways; for instance, he does not recognize his own strength, he is socially awkward, and he his reliant on George to survive. On the other hand, his character flaw has allowed him to savor a childlike-innocence that most adults lose throughout life.
Lennie does not discriminate against Crooks; instead, the only judgments he makes are based on whether a person is kind or cruel.

George and Lennie protect each other as they travel from job to job. In contrast, Crooks, an aloof man, keeps his distance from other men.



Showing Similarity


likewise,

similarly,

KEY:



Examples
Lennie killed a mouse at the beginning of the book. Likewise, he later killed larger and larger prey, including his puppy and Curley’s wife.

George and Lennie were run out of Weed because Lennie attacked a girl in the process of touching her dress. Similarly, Lennie attacked Curley’s wife in the

barn after she invited him to feel her soft hair.

 two complete sentences connected by a transition


TP

TP2


Transitional Phrase More than one T/TP


Q


M


introducing a Quote (citation) T/TP in middle of sentence




Showing a Result/Conclusion
as a result,


therefore,
thus,




Q
hence,



M

CONVENTIONS: Punctuation


1. Transitional Words and Phrases:

Place a comma after transitional words/phrases if they are at the beginning of a sentence.



example: I like to travel. Specifically, I enjoy places with old cathedrals.

 When combining two complete sentences: use a semicolon before the transition and a comma after the transition.



example: I like to travel; specifically, I enjoy places with old cathedrals.

 Place a comma before AND after a transitional word/phrase in the middle of a sentence.




example: I , specifically, enjoy visiting places with old cathedrals when I travel.

2. Conjunctions: For And Nor But Or Yet So




Place a comma before these conjunctions when connecting two complete sentences.

(comma before conjuction)



example: The movie has already started, but my friend has not arrived yet.

AVOID using FANBOYS at the beginning of a sentence in more formal writing.



consequently,


Examples

George contemplated what he should do after Lennie killed Curley’s wife. As a result, he formed a plan to find Lennie in the brush and shoot him.

George did not want Lennie to suffer; therefore, he chose to kill Lennie himself.

; thus,
When George saw Curley’s dead wife, he immediately recognized Lennie killed her; hence, George said, ‘ “ I should of knew. I guess maybe way back in my head I did” ’ (Steinbeck 94).
George knew Lennie would suffer at the hands of nature, the hands of Curley and his men, or at the hands of the authorities. George, consequently, chose to most comforting manner he could.



Punctuation Rules


1. Transitional Words and Phrases:

 Place a comma after transitional words/phrases if they are at the beginning of a sentence.



example: I like to travel. Specifically, I enjoy places with old cathedrals.

 When combining two complete sentences: use a semicolon before the transition and a comma after the transition.



example: I like to travel; specifically, I enjoy places with old cathedrals.

 Place a comma before AND after a transitional word/phrase in the middle of a sentence.




example: I , specifically, enjoy visiting places with old cathedrals when I travel.

2. Conjunctions: For And Nor But Or Yet So




Place a comma before these conjunctions when connecting two complete sentences.

(comma before conjuction)



example: The movie has already started, but my friend has not arrived yet.

AVOID using FANBOYS at the beginning of a sentence in more formal writing.


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