A comparison of Judaism, Christianity, and Islam Abrahamic Religions



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A Comparison of Judaism, Christianity, and Islam Abrahamic Religions

  • Paragraph Writing Assignment
  • Lesson 10-4
  • TN SPI
    • 6.1.3 Recognize the world’s major religions and their founders (Judaism, Christianity, Islam, Buddhism, Hinduism, Moses, Jesus, and Mohammad)
  • Date and Place founded:
    • Judaism – approximately 1300 B.C. in Palestine
    • Christianity – approximately 33 A.D. in Palestine
    • Islam – 622 A.D. in Saudi Arabia
  • Founders and Early Leaders
    • Judaism – Abraham and Moses
    • Christianity – Jesus
    • Islam - Muhammad
  • Followers Called:
    • Judaism – Jews
    • Christianity – Christians
    • Islam – Muslims
  • Clergy Called:
    • Judaism – rabbis
    • Christianity – bishop, pastor, ministers, priest
    • Islam - imams
  • House of Worship
    • Judaism – synagogue or temple
    • Christianity – church, cathedral, chapel
    • Islam – mosque
    • Day of Worship
      • Judaism – Saturday
      • Christianity – Sunday
      • Islam - Friday
  • Original Language
    • Judaism – Hebrew
    • Christianity – Aramaic and Greek
    • Islam – Arabic
  • Names of God
    • Judaism – Yahweh and Elohim
    • Christianity – God, the Trinity
    • Islam - Allah
  • Major Locations TODAY
    • Judaism – Europe, Israel, North America
    • Christianity – Europe, North and South America
    • Islam – Africa, Middle East, and Southeast Asia
  • Early Expansion
    • Judaism – Little expansion mostly confined to Israel
    • Christianity – by the end of the 4th century Christianity spread across the entire Roman Empire
    • Islam – Within 12 years, entire Arabian peninsula; after 100 years stretched from Spain to Southeast Asia
  • Current Worldwide Followers TODAY
    • Judaism – 14 million (ranks 12th)
    • Christianity – 2 billion (ranks 1st)
    • Islam – 1.3 billion (ranks 2nd)
    • In the USA
      • Judaism – 5.6 million
      • Christianity – 159 million
      • Islam – 1.1 million
  • Sacred Texts
    • Judaism – Hebrew Bible
    • Christianity – Old Testament and New Testament
    • Islam – Qur’an (Koran)
  • Ultimate Reality (Type of Theism)
    • Judaism – One God
    • Christianity – Trinity (God the father, God the Son, and God the Holy Spirit)
    • Islam – One God
  • Divine Revelation
  • How do we know about God?
    • Judaism – through prophets recorded in the Hebrew Bible
    • Christianity – through prophets and Jesus as recorded in the Old and New Testament
    • Islam – through God’s final prophet Muhammad recorded in the Qur’an
  • Identity of Jesus
    • Judaism – False prophet
    • Christianity – Son of God, the Messiah, Savior
    • Islam – prophet of God
  • Death of Jesus
    • Judaism – death by Crucifixion
    • Christianity – death by Crucifixion
    • Islam – Did not die, but ascended into heaven (a disciple took his place)
  • Resurrection of Jesus
    • Judaism – Denied
    • Christianity – Affirmed
    • Islam – Denied; since he did not die
  • Means of Salvation
    • Judaism – Belief in one God; good deeds
    • Christianity – correct belief, good deeds; by faith accept Christ as Savior (Protestants)
    • Islam – Belief in one God; good deeds and follow Five Pillars of Faith
  • Afterlife
    • Judaism – eternal heaven, or no afterlife
    • Christianity – eternal heaven
    • Islam – eternal paradise (heaven)
    • Judaism - eternal hell, or no afterlife
    • Christianity – eternal hell
    • Islam – eternal hell
  • Symbols
    • Judaism – Star of David
    • Christianity – cross
    • Islam – crescent with name of Allah in Arabic
  • View of Fellow Abrahamic Religions
    • Judaism – “Islam and Christianity are false interpretations and extensions of Judaism.”
    • Christianity – “Judaism is a true religion, but with incomplete revelation. Islam is a false religion.”
    • Islam – “Jews and Christians are respected as fellow believers, but with wrong beliefs and only partial revelation.”

Paragraph Writing Assignment



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