37 ielts essential Guide academic practice test 2 ielts essential Guide



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ACADEMIC
PRACTICE TEST 2
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Academic Practice Test 2
Listening
Listening Section 1
Questions 1–10
Questions 1–8
Complete the form below.
Write NO MORE THAN TWO WORDS
AND/OR A NUMBER for each answer.
HORIZON HOTEL
Example Answer
Guest Name Sandra MacKay
Date of arrival Date of departure Room number Room rate
Deposit:
Receipt
• In name of Contact details Address Phone Booking number:
Questions 9 and 10
Choose the correct letter, AB or C.
9 The room will be cleaned at around
A 11 am.
B 1 p.m.
C 2 p.m.
10 Room service for dinner is available from
A 6 pm. to 2 a.m.
B 6 pm. to 10.30 p.m.
C 9 pm. to 11 p.m.
Listening Section 2
Questions 11–20
Questions Complete the table below.
Write NO MORE THAN TWO WORDS
AND/OR A NUMBER for each answer Regional
Art exhibition
– all works for sale
Questions 17 and 18
Choose the correct letter, AB or C.
17 Michael’s home country is
A
Canada
B
Ireland
C the USA
18 Michael has been singing for
A
15 years
B
18 years
C
20 years
1 ................. December
2 ................. December
3 502 and .................
4 $ .................
5 Paid .................
6 Zoe .................
7 ................., Morning Town
439 4829
8 .................
Venue
Event
Date
Time
Admission
Price
4 March April am. to
4 p.m.
11 No charge March 4 April
12 of the st Century exhibition – by students
Gallery Gallery 1 10 am. to
3 pm. Mon, Wed, Fri & weekends
No charge March 3 April
Shakespeare’s
Romeo &
Juliet
Theatre Daily at
8 p.m.
Adult
13 $ Senior
$20 1 April
Shannon Keel
– folk/pop/
country
The
14 ..........
15 pm 1–30
April
Class Act –
16 music cabaret
The Showroom am. Fridays only
$14
Concession
$12
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Academic Practice Test 2
Listening
Questions 19 and 20
Complete the sentences below.
Write ONE WORD ONLY for each answer.
19 Michael’s father went ..................... to work.
20 Michael’s ..................... was also a singer, and was an inspiration for him.
Listening Section 3
Questions 21–30
Questions 21–25
Complete the sentences below.
Write NO MORE THAN TWO WORDS for each answer.
21 Jan suggests doing their joint
............................ on copyright or IP law.
22 Steve’s suggested topic is ............................
23 A database may collect statistics on your date of birth, income, legal history, previous jobs, ............................ or health record.
24 Inaccurate facts maybe recorded by data company ............................ .
25 Incorrect information about a
............................ led to his unfair dismissal.
Questions 26–30
Complete the table below.
Write NO MORE THAN TWO WORDS for each answer.
Listening Section 4
Questions 31–40
Questions 31–35
Choose the correct letter, AB or C.
31 Which place has been termed a living laboratory’?
A The Ross Sea
B The Antarctic Sea
C The Southern Ocean
32 What is said to be the worst form of pollution that fishing boats might cause?
Ab Rubbish dropped overboard
B Fuel leaked overboard
C Sewage leaked overboard
Jan’s comments
Steve’s comments
Search engines collect data by analysing people’s internet
26 Data collecting companies want to collect extra data to expand business and increase their
Jan’s comments
Steve’s comments
Getting consent could be the main
28 ................... in the presentation
Annoying to have to buy your own credit reports to ensure accuracy
The free information nature of the internet has led to this problem
27 Not legal in Europe to make money from using someone’s private details without their direct consent
People writing blogs and Twitter comments should be careful or they may face
29 Browser companies may solve the problem by introducing ab b ............................ system
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Academic Practice Test 2
Listening
33 What was the country of registration of the boat which was stuck in thick ice?
Ab Korea
B New Zealand
Cb Russia
34 In the case of the Sparta repair mission, what does the speaker term a miracle’?
A No fishermen died
B The weather was not stormy
C An oil spill was avoided
35 What does the term total allowable catch refer to
A The amount any boat in the Antarctic can catch
B The amount all the legal boats can catch
Cb The amount all the boats (legal and illegal) can catch
Questions 36–40
Complete the summary below.
Write NO MORE THAN ONE WORD AND/OR A NUMBER for each answer.
THE ANTARCTIC TOOTHFISH
These are big fish, which live in freezing Antarctic waters at depths of 200 to 2,000 metres. They have a lifespan of roughly
36 ................... years, and develop only slowly. Little is known about the early stages of life for this fish including the kinds of
37 ..................... that feed on the young. Since 1996, the
December–February fishing season has resulted in catches of about 100,000 fish per year – although recent catches have declined because of
38 .................... . Industry spokesmen claim that the Antarctic toothfish industry is
39 ................... but it has been estimated that fish numbers in the Ross Sea have already been reduced by at least a fifth, if not more. A plea has been made by several well-known marine scientists fora
40
................... on catching fish in the Ross Sea.
PB
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Academic Practice Test 2
Reading
Reading Passage 1
You should spend about 20 minutes on Questions 1–13, which are based on Reading Passage 1 below.
A BAR AT THE FOLIES
(Un bar aux folies)
A
One of the most critically renowned paintings of the 19th-century modernist movement is the French painter Edouard Manet’s masterwork, A Bar at the Folies. Originally belonging to the composer Emmanuel Chabrier, it is now in the possession of The Courtauld Gallery in London, where it has also become a favourite with the crowds.
B The painting is set late at night in a nineteenth-century Parisian nightclub. A barmaid stands alone behind her bar, fitted out in a black bodice that has a frilly white neckline, and with a spray of flowers sitting across herd colletage. She rests her hands on the bar and gazes out forlornly at a point just below the viewer, not quite making eye contact. Also on the bar are some bottles of liquor and a bowl of oranges, but much of the activity in the room takes place in the reflection of a mirror behind the barmaid. Through this mirror we see an auditorium, bustling with blurred figures and faces men in top hats, a woman examining the scene below her through binoculars, another in long gloves, even the feet of a trapeze artist demonstrating acrobatic feats above his adoring crowd. In the foreground of the reflection a man with a thick moustache is talking with the barmaid.
C
Although the Folies (-Bergère) was an actual establishment in late nineteenth-century Paris, and the subject of the painting was areal barmaid who worked there, Manet did not attempt to recapture every detail of the bar in his rendition. The painting was largely completed in a private studio belonging to the painter, where the barmaid posed with a number of bottles, and this was then integrated with quick sketches the artist made at the Folies itself.
D
Even more confounding than Manet’s relaxed attention to detail, however, is the relationship in the painting between the activity in the mirrored reflection and that which we see in the unreflected foreground. Ina similar vein to Diego Velazquez much earlier work Las
Meninas, Manet uses the mirror to toy with our ideas about which details are true to life and which are not. In the foreground, for example, the barmaid is positioned upright, her face betraying an expression of lonely detachment, yet in the mirrored reflection she appears to be leaning forward and to the side, apparently engaging in conversation with her moustachioed customer. As a result of this, the customer’s stance is also altered. In the mirror, he should be blocked from view as a result of where the barmaid is standing, yet Manet has re- positioned him to the side. The overall impact on the viewer is one of a dreamlike disjuncture between reality and illusion.
E Why would Manet engage in such deceit Perhaps for that very reason to depict two different states of mind or emotion. Manet seems to be conveying his understanding of the modern workplace, a place – from his perspective – of alienation, where workers felt torn from their true selves and forced to assume an artificial working identity. What we see in the mirrored reflection is the barmaid’s working self, busy serving a customer. The front-on view, however, bears witness to how the barmaid truly feels at work hopeless, adrift, and alone.
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Academic Practice Test 2
Reading
F Ever since its debut at the Paris Salon of 1882, art historians have produced reams of books and journal articles disputing the positioning of the barmaid and patron in A Bar at the Folies. Some have even conducted staged representations of the painting in order to ascertain whether Manet’s seemingly distorted point of view might have been possible after all. Yet while academics are understandably drawn to the compositional enigma of the painting, the layperson is always likely to seethe much simpler, more human story beneath. No doubt this is the way Manet would have wanted it.
Questions 1–5
Reading Passage 1 has six paragraphs,
A–F.
Which paragraph contains the following information?
Write the correct letter, AF, in boxes 1–5 on your answer sheet.
1 A description of how Manet created the painting
2 Aspects of the painting that scholars are most interested in
3 The writer’s view of the idea that Manet wants to communicate
4 Examples to show why the bar scene is unrealistic
5 A statement about the popularity of the painting
Questions 6–10
Answer the questions below.
Choose NO MORE THAN THREE WORDS from the passage for each answer. Write your answers in boxes 6–10 on your answer sheet.
6 Who was the first owner of A Bar at the
Folies?
7 What is the barmaid wearing?
8 Which room is seen at the back of the painting?
9 Who is performing for the audience?
10 Where did most of the work on the painting take place?
Questions 11–13
Complete each sentence with the correct ending, AF, below. Write the correct letter, AF, in boxes 11–13 on your answer sheet.
11 Manet misrepresents the images in the mirror because he
12 Manet felt modern workers were alienated because they
13 Academics have reconstructed the painting in real life because they
A wanted to find out if the painting’s perspective was realistic
B felt they had to work very hard at boring and difficult jobs
C wanted to understand the lives of ordinary people at the time
D felt like they had to become different people
E wanted to manipulate our sense of reality
F wanted to focus on the detail in the painting
Reading Passage 2
You should spend about 20 minutes on Questions 14–26, which are based on Reading Passage 2 on the following pages.
Questions 14 Reading Passage 2 has six paragraphs, A–F.
Choose the correct heading for paragraphs AF from the list of headings below. Write the correct number, i–ix, in boxes 14–19 on your answer sheet.
List of Headings
i A legacy is established
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Academic Practice Test 2
Reading
ii Formal education unhelpful
iii An education in two parts
iv Branching out in new directions
v Childhood and family life
vi Change necessary to stay creative
vii Conflicted opinions over Davis earlier work
viii Davis unique style of trumpet playing
ix Personal and professional struggles
14. Paragraph Ab b Paragraph B
16. Paragraph Cb b Paragraph Db b Paragraph Ebb Paragraph F
MILES DAVIS
Icon and iconoclast 1
A
At the age of thirteen, Miles Davis was given his first trumpet, lessons were arranged with a local trumpet player, and a musical odyssey began. These early lessons, paid for and supported by his father, had a profound effect on shaping Davis signature sound. Whereas most trumpeters of the era favoured the use of vibrato a wobbly quiver in pitch inflected in the instrument’s tone, Davis was taught to play with along, straight tone, a preference his instructor reportedly drilled into the young trumpeter with a rap on the knuckles every time Davis began using vibrato. This clear, distinctive style never left Davis. He continued playing with it for the rest of his career, once remarking, If I can’t get that sound, I can’t play anything.’
B
Having graduated from high school in 1944, Davis moved to New York City, where he continued his musical education both in the clubs and in the classroom. His enrolment in the prestigious Julliard School of Music was short-lived, however – he soon dropped out,
criticising what he perceived as an overemphasis on the classical European repertoire and a neglect of jazz. Davis did later acknowledge, however, that this time at the school was invaluable in terms of developing his trumpet-playing technique and giving him a solid grounding in music theory. Much of his early training took place in the form of jam sessions and performances in the clubs of
52nd Street, where he played alongside both up-and-coming and established members of the jazz pantheon such as Coleman Hawkins, Eddie Lockjaw Davis, and Thelonious Monk.
C
In the late s, Davis collaborated with nine other instrumentalists, including a French horn and a tuba player, to produce The Birth of Cool, an album now renowned for the inchoate sounds of what would later become known as cool jazz. In contrast to popular jazz styles of the day, which featured rapid, rollicking beats, shrieking vocals, and short, sharp horn blasts, Davis album was the forerunner of a different kind of sound – thin, light horn-playing, hushed drums and a more restrained, formal arrangement. Although it received little acclaim at the time (the liner notes to one of Davis later recordings call it a spectacular failure, in hindsight The Birth of Cool has become recognised as a pivotal moment in jazz history, cementing – alongside his 1958 recording, Kind of Blue – Davis legacy as one of the most innovative musicians of his era.
D
Though Davis trumpet playing may have sounded effortless and breezy, this ease rarely carried over into the rest of his life. The early sin particular, were a time of great personal turmoil. After returning from a stint in Paris, Davis suffered from prolonged depression, which he attributed to the unravelling of a number of relationships,
1 An iconoclast is somebody who challenges traditional beliefs or customs
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Academic Practice Test 2
Reading
including his romance with a French actress and some musical partnerships that ruptured as a result of creative disputes. Davis was also frustrated by his perception that he had been overlooked by the music critics, who were hailing the success of his collaborators and descendants in the cool tradition, such as Gerry Mulligan and Dave Brubeck, but who afforded him little credit for introducing the cool sound in the first place.
E
In the latter decades of his career, Davis broke out of exclusive jazz settings and began to diversify his output across a range of musical styles. In the she was influenced by early funk performers such as Sly and the Family Stone, which then expanded into the jazz-rock fusion genre – of which he was a frontrunner – in the s. Electronic recording effects and electric instruments were incorporated into his sound. By the s, Davis was pushing the boundaries further, covering pop anthems such as Cyndi Lauper’s Time After Time and Michael
Jackson’s Human Nature, dabbling in hip hop, and even appearing in some movies.
F
Not everyone was supportive of Davis change of tune. Compared to the recordings of his early career, universally applauded as linchpins of the jazz oeuvre, trumpeter
Wynston Marsalis derided his fusion work as being not true jazz, and pianist Bill Evans denounced the corrupting influence of record companies, noting that rock and pop draw wider audiences. In the face of this criticism Davis remained defiant, commenting that his earlier recordings were part of a moment in time that he had no feel for anymore. He firmly believed that remaining stylistically inert would have hampered his ability to develop new ways of producing music. From this perspective, Davis continual revamping of genre was not merely a rebellion, but an evolution, a necessary path that allowed him to release his full musical potential.
Questions 20–26
Do the following statements agree with the
views of the writer in Reading Passage 2?
In boxes 20–26 on your answer sheet, write
YES - if the statement agrees with the views of the writer
NO - if the statement contradicts the views of the writer
NOT GIVEN - if it is impossible to say what the writer thinks about this
20. Davis trumpet teacher wanted him to play with vibrato.
21. According to Davis, studying at Julliard helped him to improve his musical abilities.
22. Playing in jazz clubs in New York was the best way to become famous.
23. The Birth of Cool featured music that was faster and louder than most jazz at the time.
24. Davis personal troubles had a negative effect on his trumpet playing.
25. Davis felt that his contribution to cool jazz had not been acknowledged.
26. Davis was a traditionalist who wanted to keep the jazz sound pure.
Reading Passage 3
You should spend about 20 minutes on Questions 27–40, which are based on Reading Passage 3 below.
A
In the early days of mountaineering, questions of safety, standards of practice, and environmental impact were not widely considered. The sport gained traction following the successful 1786 ascent of Mont Blanc, the highest peak in Western Europe, by two French mountaineers, Jacques Balmat and
Michel-Gabriel Paccard. This event established the beginning of modern
PB
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Academic Practice Test 2
Reading
mountaineering, but the sole consideration over the next hundred years was the successor failure of climbers in reaching the summit and claiming the prestige of having made the first ascent.
B
Toward the end of the nineteenth century, however, developments in technology spurred debate regarding climbing practices. Of particular concern in this era was the introduction of pitons (metal spikes that climbers hammer into the rock face for leverage) and the use of belaying 2 techniques. A few, such as Italian climber Guido Ray, supported these methods as ways to render climbing less burdensome and more acrobatic. Others felt that they were only of value as a safety net if all else failed. Austrian Paul Preuss went so far as to eschew all artificial aids, scaling astonishing heights using only his shoes and his bare hands. Albert Mummery, a well known British mountaineer and author who climbed the European Alps, and, more famously, the Himalayas, where he died at the age of 39 attempting a notoriously difficult ascent, developed the notion of fair means as a kind of informal protocol by which the use of
‘walk-through’ guidebooks and equipment such as ladders and grappling hooks were discouraged.
C
By the s, bolts had begun to replace pitons as the climber’s choice of equipment, and criticism surrounding their use was no less fierce. In 1948, when two American climbers scaled Mount Brussels in the Canadian Rockies using a small number of pitons and bolts, climber Frank Smythe wrote of their efforts I still regard Mount Brussels as unclim bed, and my feelings are no different from those I should have were Ito hear that a helicopter had deposited its passenger on the summit of that mountain just so that he could boast that he had trodden an untrodden mountain top.’
D
Climbing purists aside, it was not until the s that the general tide began to turn against bolting and pitons. The USA, and much of the western world, was waking up to the damage it had been causing to the planet, and environmentalist campaigns and new government policies were becoming widespread. This new awareness and sensitivity to environmental issues spilled over into the rock climbing community. As a result, a stripped- down style of rock climbing known as clean climbing became widely adopted. Clean climbing helped preserve rock faces and, compared with older approaches, it was much simpler to practise. This was partly due to the hallmark of clean climbing – the use of nuts – which were favoured over bolts because they could be placed into the rock wall with one hand while climbers maintained their grip on the rock with the other.
E
Not everyone embraced the clean climbing movement, however. A decade later, debates over two more developments were erupting. The first related to the practice of chipping, in which climbers chip away pieces of rock in order to create tiny cracks in which to insert their fingers. The other major point of contention was a process that involves setting bolts in reverse from the top of the climb down. Rappel bolting makes almost any rock face climbable with relative ease, and as a result of this new technique, the sport has lost much of its risk factor and sense of pioneering spirit indeed, it has become more about muscle power and technical mastery than a psychological trial of fearlessness under pressure. Because of this shift in focus, many amateur climbers have flocked to indoor climbing gyms, where the risk of serious harm is negligible.
2 Fastening or controlling of a climber’s rope by wrapping it around a metal device or another person 9
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Academic Practice Test 2
Reading
F
Given the environmental damage rock climbing can cause, this maybe a positive outcome. It is ironic that most rock climbers and mountaineers love the outdoors and have great respect for the majesty of nature and the impressive challenges she poses, but that in the pursuit of their goals they inevitably trample sensitive vegetation, damaging and disturbing delicate flora and lichens which grow on ledges and cliff faces. Two researchers from a Canadian university, Doug Larson and Michelle McMillan, have found that rock faces that are regularly climbed have lost up to 80% of the coverage and diversity of native plant species. If that were not bad enough, nonnative species have also been inadvertently introduced, having been carried in on climbers boots.
G
This leaves rock climbing with an uncertain future. Climbers are not the only user group that wishes to enjoy the wilderness – hikers, mountain bikers and horseback riders visit the same areas, and more importantly, they are much better organised, with long-established lobby groups protecting their interests. With increased pressure on limited natural resources, it has been suggested that climbers put aside their differences over the ethics of various climbing techniques, and focus on the effect of their practices on the environment and their relationship with other users and landowners.
H
In any event, there can be no doubt that the era of the rock climber as alone wolf or intrepid pioneer is over. Like many other forms of recreation, rock climbing has increasingly come under the fold of institutional efforts to curb dangerous behaviour and properly manage our natural environments. This may have spoiled the magic, but it has also made the sport safer and more sustainable, and governing bodies would do well to consider heightening such efforts in the future.
Questions 27–32
Reading Passage 3 has eight paragraphs,
A–H.
Which paragraph contains the following information?
Write the correct letter, AH, in boxes 27–32 on your answer sheet.
27. examples of the impact of climbers on ecosystems
28. An account of how politics affected rock climbing
29. A less dangerous alternative to climbing rock faces
30. A recommendation for better regulation
31. A reference to a climber who did not use any tools or ropes for assistance
32. Examples of different types of people who use the outdoors for recreation
Questions 33–39
Complete the flowchart below.
Choose NO MORE THAN THREE WORDS from the passage for each answer. Write your answers in boxes 33–39 on your answer sheet.
A ROCK CLIMBING TIME LINE
LATE TH CENTURY
Some climbers discuss whether pitons and ropes should only be considered 33 34 .................. calls for guidelines based on
PB
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Academic Practice Test 2
Reading
unwritten rules which discourage climbing aids.
1940s
New equipment becomes controversial. Frank
Smythe says that Mt Brussels is effectively
35 .................... because of the techniques that were used in order to scale the mountain.
1970s
36 .................... is more environmentally friendly.
37 .................... are introduced as a climbing aid.
1990s - till today
Climbers discuss the merits of new techniques for making handholds, and also of 38
....................... Many say that climbing is now a test of physical strength and
39 ...................., rather than of courage.
Question Choose the correct letter, ABC or D.
Write the correct letter in box 40 on your answer sheet. Choose the most appropriate title for the reading passage.
A A history of rock climbing
B Ethics and issues in rock climbing
C Current trends in rock climbing
D Sport climbers versus traditional climbers
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Academic Practice Test 2
Writing
Writing Task 1
You should spend about 20 minutes on this task.
The graph shows the percentage of male and female academic staff members across the faculties of a major university in 2012.
Summarise the information by selecting and reporting the main features, and make comparisons where relevant.
Write at least 150 words:
PB
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Academic Practice Test 2
Reading
Writing Task 2
You should spend about 40 minutes on this task.
Write about the following topic Solar energy is becoming more and more popular as a source of household energy in many countries around the world Why is this What are the advantages and disadvantages of solar energy?
Give reasons for your answer and include any relevant examples from your own knowledge or experience.
Write at least 250 words.
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Academic Practice Test 2
Speaking
Speaking PART 3
PHOTOS IN GENERAL
- Do you think people today take more photos than they used to- What kinds of photos do most people like to keep or send to other people- Do you think people should take lessons to learn how to take professional photos?
MEDIA AND PHOTOGRAPHY
- What are some of the differences between a written news story and a news story with photos- Is it a positive development that news stations ask people to send in their own photos of news events as they are happening- Has journalism changed since photos can be sent immediately from one side of the world to the other within minutes?
Speaking PART 1
Initial questions about name, where you
live, work or study and other personal
topics.
SPORTS CENTRES.
- Are there a lot of sports centres where you live Why / Why not- Is it important to have sports centres near where people live Why / Why not- Are most people in your country more interested in sports now than they were in the past Why / Why not?]
HOTELS
- Do you often stay in hotels Why / Why not- Does your country have a lot of big hotels
Why / Why not- What sort of hotels are the most popular for business people Why- Which would you prefer,small local hotels or big international hotels [Why?]
Speaking PART 2
Talk about someone you know who takes good photos you should talk about - Who he/she is - What he/she takes photos of - What he/she does with his/her photos And explain why you think he/she is a good photographer.
You will be expected to talk about the topic for one to two minutes. You will have one minute to think about what you are going to say in advance. You can make some notes to help you if you wish.
PB
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