3. Biodiversity and Conservation Intended Learning Outcomes



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Worksheet 8: Personality Test.
For each question, tick the statements you agree with. Then, give a BIG tick for the statement you like best. Repeat for all ten questions.

  1. Whales are in danger of becoming extinct. They have been killed for their meat and oil.




  1. It is wrong to kill whales. They are intelligent animals. We should leave them alone.

  2. The methods of killing whales are cruel. We should stop the slaughter until we can find a kinder way of killing them.

  3. We must stop whales becoming extinct. We should only kill a few so the species can survive.

  4. Killing whales is important to other cultures. We should let other people kill whales if they want to.




  1. Many eggs are laid by hens who live in colony cages. Caged hens have less freedom than free-range hens.




  1. A cage is a prison. Hens should be allowed to live free.

  2. We should buy free-range eggs so the hens live happier lives.

  3. Large farms can cause pollution. We should keep animals in smaller groups to help the environment.

  4. Caged hens produce cheaper eggs. We shouldn’t expect poor people to have to pay to give hens a better life.




  1. Pigs and chickens are kept intensively in sheds to produce cheap meat. They are mainly fed on grains like wheat, maize and soya.




  1. All animals should be allowed outside and given some freedom.

  2. Animals suffer in factory farms. We should eat meat from free-range animals.

  3. We should eat less meat for the sake of the planet. Then we can afford free-range. It would be better to feed the grains to people.

  4. People should be able to buy cheap meat. If others want to pay more for free-range, that is up to them.




  1. Vegetarians don’t eat meat or fish. People become vegetarian for different reasons.




  1. We should live without killing. Animals have a right to life too.

  2. We should only eat meat from animals who have been given a good life.

  3. We should eat less meat. This would mean more land for wildlife.

  4. Meat is good for you and it tastes nice. There is nothing wrong in eating it.



  1. In many parts of the world, people eat cats and dogs. They are often killed very cruelly.




  1. It is wrong to kill cats and dogs. They are our friends. They should be allowed a long and full life.

  2. Cruelty is always wrong. These animals should be killed more humanely.

  3. We may not like this, but it may be better than eating endangered species like monkeys.

  4. I would not like to eat dog, but that is the way I was brought up. People should eat what they like.




  1. Cod is a popular food. So many are being caught that cod has become rarer. Fishing may cause suffering to the fish. They may suffocate osr be gutted alive.




  1. Fish have a right to life too. We should leave them alone.

  2. Fishing is cruel. We should find kinder ways of catching and killing them.

  3. People should eat less cod until their numbers increase again.

  4. Cod is good for you. If you like it you should eat it.




  1. Cloning produces animals with identical genes to their parent. If you clone a cow which produces lots of milk, her offspring should do the same. However, they may also suffer health problems which can kill them.




  1. Cloning animals is wrong. We shouldn’t mess around like this.

  2. These experiments cause unnecessary suffering. They should be banned.

  3. Cloning means more animals will be the same. Actually it is healthier if they are different. Cloning could increase the spread of disease. We shouldn’t take this chance.

  4. Cloning could mean cheaper meat and milk. It’s all right if we do it in a sensible way.




  1. Salmon and trout used to be caught from the wild. Now they are grown in fish farms.




  1. Fish should live free in the wild. They should not be imprisoned in cages.

  2. Fish can suffer stress if they are enclosed. Intensive fish farming is cruel.

  3. Fish farming causes pollution which hurts wildlife. We should find less intensive ways of farming fish.

  4. Salmon and trout are now cheap foods. Fish farming provides jobs and tasty food for people.


  1. British sheep are often sent on long journeys to France or the Netherlands to be fattened or killed for meat. The journeys often take a day and a night and can last for days.




  1. We have no right to make animals go on long journeys like this. Long distance transport should be banned.

  2. These long journeys make sheep suffer. They should be killed as close to home as possible.

  3. People should eat food which is grown locally. Long journeys in lorries waste fuel and cause pollution.

  4. Farmers need to make a living. Live exports means higher prices for their sheep. It also means that people abroad can enjoy fresh meat from Britain.




  1. Organic meat comes from animals who can go outside for at least part of their lives. Their food is grown without using artificial chemicals.




  1. Animals still have to be killed to make meat, even if it is organic. It would be better to eat organic vegetarian food.

  2. It is better to eat meat which is organic. It can be kinder to animals.

  3. We should eat organic meat. It is a kinder to the environment.

  4. Organic meat is more expensive. It is OK to eat, but don’t expect the rest of us to.



Worksheet 9:

Should Animals have rights
What rights do animals have?

Read the following and for each one, answer the questions which follow;
Hi, I’m Barry. You usually don’t see me about. OK, maybe sometimes at night in the dark – but I’ll be scuttling away from you as fast as I can. We live in the sewers – not pretty but it’s a living. Our homes are here, our families – those who manage to avoid you that is. But if we ever come near your homes – the horror! They’ll put down blue pellets for us. Don’t eat them – they expand inside you and burst your guts. It’s a long slow death. I’ve seen it. Trust me. When they don’t do that they sometimes use other chemicals which set your skin on fire. I’ve heard they even use flamethrowers, drowning, and now and again, the old fashioned traps which snap your neck – not always very cleanly. It’s funny being a rat. You even use the word as an insult. But you people, you keep hamsters and gerbils and mice. You clean them, feed them, enjoy watching them running round in their wheels which go nowhere. You hold them in your hand and stroke them. But not us. No. We are the diseased, the unclean. Contagious. We don’t deserve to live – even though it’s your dirt which we clean up for you. Filthy rat.

I have a lovely life here on the farm. I’m in beautiful green meadows all day long, basking in the sun. When it’s cold and grey, I can go into the shed and keep warm. Lots of yummy straw in there to eat. It’s cosy there with all my friends. Though some of the older ones, they’re gone now. They take them to a nicer place. They say it’s never cold there, and that the grass is always fresh - everlasting they say. They say that you should look forward to it because it’s your reward for all your years of giving milk. It’s where you’ll meet your calves. The ones they took there to grow up for when you meet them again. It’ll be good to see them again. I’ve had six of them – one more or less every year. They say that if you don’t have a calf you’ll stop giving milk. That wouldn’t be so good. I remember the names I gave to my calves. Funny enough they were all male. Some of the female calves get to stay here and give milk too. They don’t get to go to the nice place with the everlasting grass – what a shame. There’s even a name for the place we go, sounds very posh… abbatoir. I can’t wait. I wonder if all animals go there……?













Questions:


  1. Describe the problems facing each animal.




  1. When compared with other pets, what rights do you think these animals are being deprived of?


Worksheet 10: Arguments for or against using animals for food and experimentation


  1. Gather some arguments for or against using animals for food and experimentation at home from friends. (Substantiate your points after hearing your fellow classmates’ presentations)







For

Against

Eating animals







Experimenting on animals









  1. Role-play: Listen to the viewpoints of the spokesmen. Note down their views, and analyze their stands in the table below.



Role

Attitude towards using animals for food and experimentation

Challenging level (optional)

Your critiques

Buddhist

*for / against






Animal rights activist

*for / against





Meat manufacturer

*for / against





Scientist

*for / against






  1. Challenging level (optional): a) Do you think it is possible to value things in a non humancentred perspective? That is, as human beings, can we infer what animals think or feel?



b) Some people criticize that we should not bother too much about animal rights because there are places that even human rights are not respected. Attention should be given to this area instead. Do you agree?

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