1996 acf regionals Questions by Berkeley b

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1996 ACF Regionals

Questions by Berkeley B (D. Levinson, D. Wasserman, A. Schechter, A. Unnikrishnan)
1. She becomes an orphan at an early age, and lives for several years with her aunt, who despises her, until she is ten and sent to a school for orphans. After graduation and two years as a teacher there, she leaves the school to become a governess. She falls in love with her employer and agrees to marry him, but their wedding is called off when it is revealed that he already has a wife, whom he keeps locked up because she is insane. For 10 points, name this title character.

Answer: Jane Eyre

2. His The Method was discovered on a palimpsest in Constantinople in 1906. When the Roman general Marcellus attacked Syracuse in the third century B.C.E., he invented various machines that were used to defend the city. His inventions prolonged the siege for two years, but finally the city was sacked and he was killed. For 10 points, name this man who once said that, given a long enough lever, he could move the earth, as well as "Eureka!" upon the discovery of water displacement.

Answer: Archimedes of Syracuse

3. This general served with distinction in the Seven Years' War and was twice elected to Parliament. In 1777, he was sent southward from Canada in an attempt isolate New England. General William Howe was expected to go north from New York City and meet him somewhere near Albany. But Howe went to Philadelphia instead, leaving this general's forces to face the Americans alone, and he was defeated by Horatio Gates at Saratoga. For 10 points, name this general who also wrote plays.

Answer: John Burgoyne

4. He published his first scientific article, on the sighting of a rare bird in the Swiss mountains, at the age of eleven, in order to impress a local librarian that his research was serious. After studying zoology, he turned to psychology and became director of the Institute of Education at Geneva. Ironically, his early prodigiousness was in contrast with his later theories on stages of childhood development. FTP Identify this Swiss developmental psychologist who wrote The Origin of Intelligence in Children.

Answer: Jean Piaget

5. The same words in this language were used as both nouns and verbs, and they could be made into adjectives by adding the suffix -ful, and into adverbs by adding the suffix -wise. Almost all irregular plurals and inflected verb forms were relplaced with regular ones. Many compound words were constructed for political purposes. The purpose of the language was to preserve conformity with the political system by eliminating the words needed to express unorthodox ideas. For 10 points, name this language described by George Orwell in the novel 1984.

Answer: Newspeak

6. It is suggested by an account in Apel's Book of Ghosts. The devil gives the title character seven bullets, six of which will infallibly hit their target, but the last will be directed by the devil himself. The woodsman Max must win a sharpshooting contest to win the hand of Agathe. He allows his colleague Caspar to make a deal with the devil on his behalf. The first six bullets hit their targets, and the seventh, aimed at a dove, would have killed Agathe, but her bridal wreath deflects it, and Caspar dies instead. FTP identify this opera by Karl Maria von Weber.

Answer: Der Freischutz or The Freeshooter

7. Parts of it have never been explored, leading to wild speculation about bands of sasquatch roaming its more remote regions. Established in 1938, it includes a strip of Pacific Northwest shoreline geographically seperated from the rest of the park. It contains more than 60 glaciers, many of them still active. The western slopes of the mountains receive more rainfall than anywhere else in the contiguous U.S., resulting in the only rain forest to be found in the continental United States. FTP, name this national park, which despite its name is located not in Greece, but in Washington state.

Answer: Olympic National Park

8. Though rarely used in pure form, it is essential to steelmaking. Isolated by Johan Gottlieb Gahn in 1774 while working with the mineral pyrolusite, it was recognized as an element by the Swedish chemist Carl Wilhelm Scheele. Without this element, steel breaks up when hot-rolled or forged, though most steel manufactured today generally contains less than 1% of it. In humans lack of this element causes testicular atrophy. As in steel though, levels of it are kept to a minimum in biological organisms, as an excess is toxic. FTP, name this element, whose atomic number is 25 and whose chemical symbol is Mn.

Answer: Manganese

9. It lies on the Rhone river where it leaves its narrow valley for the wide delta plain, 66 miles northwest of Marseilles. Under the Romans it enjoyed only a secondary importance in Gallia Narbonensis, and after the barbarian invasions it belonged succcesively to the king of Burgundy and then to a series of counts. In the 12th century it became prominent as Clement V's principal residence. Throughout most of the 14th century it was the papal seat, and the city still is surrounded by it 14th century ramparts built by them. FTP, name this French city, home of the papacy from 1309-1377.

Answer: Avignon

10. Economic behavior of the past depends on economic policies in the past. When economic policies changes, the economic behavior changes as well. FTP this neatly encapsulizes what idea, which won Robert Lucas from the University of Chicago the Nobel Prize in Economics for 1995?

Answer: Rational Expectations

11. In 1913, dissatisfied with the life of a businessman, he decided to write fiction. Floyd Dell and Theodore Dreiser arranged the publication of his first two novels. With his next work, a collection of short sketches published in 1919, his reputation as an author was made. Two of this man's autobiographical books are A Story Teller's Story and Tar: A Midwest Childhood. FTP, name this author of Marching Man and Windy McPherson's Son better known for Winesburg, Ohio.

Answer: Sherwood Anderson

12. The name for this place comes from the name of a fortified hill town overlooking the plain of Esdraelon in Galilee, where many battles were fought in the early history of the Israelites. Used in the Book of Revelation, it designates the battlefield where the forces of good and evil will meet on the eve of Judgement Day. FTP, identify this term that comes from the Hebrew "megiddo".

Answer: Armageddon

13. They are only known to interact with matter through the weak nuclear force though some have suggested that they also interact with gravitons. In order to explain the apparent non-conservation of momentum during beta decay, Wolfgang Pauli predicted their existence. There are three types and each is associated with another lepton. FTP identify these massless elementary particles.

Answer: Neutrinos

14. He served under Nelson in command of the Glatton during the Battle of Copenhagen. He also commanded the Resolution, a ship in Cook's third fleet. His misery began on 28 April 1789 and was instigated by the actions of Fletcher Christian. Chosen by Joseph Banks to collect plants in Tahiti, he and 18 of his men were cast adrift in an open boat with limited provisions. FTP name this man, the master of the HMS Bounty.

Answer: William Bligh

15. A philosophical work in the form of a collection of aphorisms, in it, Nietzsche expresses his desire for a "transvaluation of all values." He contends that no human values are absolute; that all value distinctions are artificial, the result of mere traditional prejudices; and that humanity should discard its old, outmoded values in favor of ones more suited to contemporary cultural reality. FTP identify this work that addresses the curious dichotomy between concepts of right and wrong.

Answer: Beyond Good and Evil

16. He is a young man motivated by boundless ambition: calculating and egotistical, he uses his love affairs to service his drive for power. Living in the aftermath of the Napoleonic Wars, rouge represents the standard of the military and noir the clergy which is his one channel open for advancement. FTP identify this protagonist of Stendhal's The Red and the Black.

Answer: Julien Sorel

17. Primarily a painter of decorative murals and posters in Austria, his work was condemned as pornographic. In 1898 he and other artists in the Art Nouveau style banded together to form the Vienna Secession. His large paintings are characterized by richly ornamented abstract backgrounds from which naturalistically rendered figures and details emerge. FTP identify this man whose most famous work is The Kiss.

Answer: Gustav Klimt

18. Children born with this disorder initially appear normal, but become listless and inattentive during the first few months of life. As the disease progresses, the child loses motor abilities already gained, and eventually is unable even to raise its head. A cherry-red spot develops on the retina, and blindness and a general paralysis usually precede death. Also called Amaurotic Familial Idiocy, it is a hereditary metabolic disorder causing progressive mental and neurologic deterioration resulting in early death. FTP, name this genetic disorder, which occurs most often in people of Eastern European Jewish origin.

Answer: Tay-Sachs disease

19. In Part I of Faust it serves as the backdrop for a scene that shows Mephistopheles at home; in Part II, Faust searches for Helen of Troy on this eve. The name comes from an English missionary nun who aided St. Boniface in Germany. Although the woman was believed to be a protectress against magic, her May 1 feast day became associated with earlier pagan traditions. FTP provided the name associated with the Witches' Sabbath.

Answer: Walpurgis Night

20. Governor of New York form 1907‑1910, he presided at the Washington Arms Limitation Conference from 1921-1925 while Secretary of State in the Harding Administration. A judge of the Permanent Court of Justice, he wrote The Supreme Court of the United States and served as an associate justice from 1910-1916 and as Chief Justice from 1930-1941. FTP name this man who ran against Woodrow Wilson for the Presidency in 1916.

Answer: Charles Evans Hughes

21. Salmon Rushdie's The Moor's Last Sigh, Barry Unsworth's Morality Play, Pat Barker's The Ghost Road, Tim Winton's The Riders, and Justin Cartwright's In Every Face I Meet were all nominated for this prize, which has been won by Rushdie in 1981 and Unsworth in 1992. FTP What is this prize, Britain's best known literary award?

Answer: Booker Prize

22. It is probably about 600 light years from the Sun and 25000 times as luminous. One of the brightest stars in the night sky, intrinsically as well as in appearance, its name derives from an Arabic term meaning “the left leg of the giant”, referring to the figure of Orion, the winter constelation of which it is the second-brightest member, hence its more formal name of Beta Orionis. Recently it was dicovered to have a companion star, also bluish white, which is of sixth magnitude. FTP, name this star, one of those rarest of stellar beasts known as blue supergiants.

Answer: Rigel

1996 ACF Regionals

Questions by Berkeley B (N. Meyer, C. Tai, A. Schechter, M. Baker, G. Stern, P. Huang, D. Wasserman, D. Levinson)
1. Identify the following linear algebra terms for ten points each.

1. The sum of the diagonal elements of a matrix, this quantity is invariant under changes of basis. For five points, name it.

Answer: trace

2. This term describes an element of a vector space that is taken to a scalar multiple of itself by a given linear map. For ten points, name it.

Answer: eigenvector

3. A "self-adjoint" matrix is a matrix that is equal to the complex conjugate of its transpose. A synonym for "self-adjoint" is eponymous with a mathematician who worked with such matrices. For fifteen points, name either the mathematician or the synonym derived from his name.

Answer: Hermite or Hermitian
2. The Italian Renaissance was period of great artistic revival, but this flowering and rebirth was not limited to the visual arts alone. FTP each, name these Renaissance figures from the following passages.

1. Born in 1478, a diplomat by profession, he is best remember for his treatise “Il cortegiano”, in which he described the ideal of a courtier both graceful and accomplished in arms, letters, art, sport, music and conversation. Name this man who popularized the ideas of humanist philosophers and gave birth to the literature of ettiquette.

Answer: Baldassare Castiglione

2. This sixteenth-century composer's music represents the ideal of the Catholic Reformation, and he devoted most of his energies to liturgical music. He is reputed to have defended elaborate church music and saved it from being abolished by the Council of Trent.

Answer: Giovanni Palestrina

3. A pioneer in Renaissance drama, this poet and playwright composed four comedies, two in prose and two in verse. In his poetry, he augmented the Romance tradition with humanistic echoes of Virgil and Ovid, evocations of Petrarch, Boccacio, and Dante, and references to contemporary events. All these qualities appear in his most famous work, “Orlando Furioso”.

Answer: Ludovico Ariosto
3. Heh, heh. We like explosions. Heh, heh. Identify the source of the following big booms for the stated number of points.

1. (5) In 1883, this island in the Sunda Strait exploded, creating a shock wave that circled the earth several times. For five points, name it.

Answer: Krakatoa

2. (10) In 1902, this volcano on Martinique erupted, causing around thirty thousand deaths. For ten points, name it.

Answer: Mount Pelee

3. (15) Around 1500 BC, this Mediterranean island exploded with incredible force. The resulting tidal wave destroyed much of the Minoan civilization on Crete; some believe that the Atlantis legend dates from this event. For fifteen points, name the Aegean island which went boom.

Answer: Santorini or Thera or Thira

4. Given the name of a literary work and the year in which it was adapted into an opera, name both the work's author and the composer who adapted it.

1. The Turn of The Screw (1954)

Answer: Henry James, Benjamin Britten

2. The Barber of Seville (1816)

Answer: Pierre Beaumarchais, Gioacchino Rossini

3. Manon Lescaut (1893)

Answer: Abbe Prevost, Giacomo Puccini

5. Name the war from some of its military engagements on a 10-5 basis:

1. 10: Lake Trasimenus, Ticinius

5: Cannae, Zama Answer: Second Punic War
2. 10: Alma, Inkerman

5: Balaklava, Sevastopol Answer: Crimean War

3. 10: Sluys, Castillon

5: Agincourt, Poitiers Answer: Hundred Years' War

6. Helium is named after Helios, the sun. Identify the following elements given the derivation of their name, 5 points each.

1. From the German for "white mass" Answer: Bismuth

2. From an ancient name of Copenhagen Answer: Hafnium

3. Named after a daughter of Tantalus Answer: Niobium

4. Named after a town in Scotland Answer: Strontium

5. From a German name for Satan Answer: Nickel

6. From the Greek for "rose" Answer: Rhodium
7. Identify the artist who painted the following FFP each.

1. Man in a Red Turban (1433) Answer: Jan Van Eyck

2. Battle of San Romano (1455) Answer: Paolo Ucello

3. Doni Tondo (1503) Answer:Michelangelo Buonarroti

4. Sacred and Profane Love (1515) Answer: Titian

5. Venus, Cupid, Folly, and Time (c. 1540) Answer: Il Bronzino

6. David with the Head of Golliath (1606) Answer:Michelangelo Caravaggio
8. Given a work by a Nobel Literature prize winner, identify the author for 10 points each, or for 5 if you need the year he/she won a Nobel Prize.

1. (10) Growth of the Soil

(5) Year: 1920 Answer: Knut Hamsun

2. (10) Peleus et Melisande

(5) Year: 1911 Answer: Maurice Maeterlinck

3. (10) Kristin Lavransdatter

(5) Year: 1928 Answer: Sigrid Undset

9. He may have been elected president twice, but Ulysses S. Grant had his fair share of enemies or at least people who did not admire the war hero-turned president. Answer the following for the stated number of points:

1. (5) This city, forced to surrender to Grant on July 4, 1863 did not celebrate Independence day for decades after the war.

Answer: Vicksburg

2. (10) Grant's first-term Vice President.

Answer: Schuyler Colfax

3. (15) This Democrat was nominated to run against Grant in 1868.

Answer: Horatio Seymour

10. Provide the names of these 20th century works of literature FTP each from characters.

1. Adrian Leverkuhn Answer: Doctor Faustus

2. Carol Kennicott Answer: Main Street

3. Wang Lung Answer: The Good Earth

11. Name the physical quantities that are measured in the following units for 10 points each, or for 5 points after an additional clue.

1. 10: volts/ampere

5: A unit of resistance. Answer: ohm

2. 10: ampere-second

5: A unit measuring a quantity of electrical charge. Answer: coulomb

3. 10: volt-second

5: A unit of magnetic flux. Answer: weber
12. 30-20-10 Identify the figure.

1. Mortally wounded at Camlan, he subdued twelve rebellious princes and won twelve great battles against invading foreigners.

2. He ordered all babies born in the first year of his reign to be slain. His spear was called Ron, but his sword, which some call Caliburn, was more famous.

3. He committed incest with his half-sister and wanted to kill the resulting child. The child lived to adulthood and the two killed one another.

Answer: King Arthur
13. Consider the 1896 Presidential election, answer the following for the stated number of points:

1. (5) This political party committed suicide by nominating the Democrat and destroying its southern wing.

Answer: Populists or People's

2. (10) This state voted for the first time in Presidential politics. It voted for Bryan and free silver, but is today a solid Republican state.

Answer: Utah

3. (15) This New Jerseyite was the GOP Vice Presidential nominee, despite having little political experience—only money. Defeating a Democrat and Populist in the Electoral College, he died in office.

Answer: Garrett Hobart

14. Name the novelist, essayist, and playwright. 30-20-10.

1. His first novel, Williwaw, about the effect of an Arctic squall on an Army transport crew during World War II, was begun when he was 19, and propelled him among the ranks of post-War prodigies like Truman Capote and James Jones.

2. His third novel, 1948's The City and the Pillar, presented its young homosexual protagonist as a perfectly average, handsome boy-next-door. Despite its popular success, this novel was not well received by the conservative press, and for a while he resorted to publishing a series of mystery novels under the name Edgar Box just to get them reviewed.

3. An extremely public figure, he has run once for the House and once for the Senate, appeared as a snobby Harvard professor in the movie With Honors, co-wrote the screenplay to Caligula, in addition to writing the historical novels Burr and Lincoln, and the satirical Myra Breckenridge.

Answer: Gore Vidal

15. Identify the disciple of Christ on a 10-5 basis.

1. 10: According to the Apocrypha, he worked as a missionary in India and was martyred at Meliapore.

5: Also called Didymus, he did not believe in the Resurrection until Jesus appeared before him.

Answer: Thomas

2. 10: It is said that he suffered martyrdom in Patrae in AD 70.

5: He is often depicted leaning on a cross shaped like a letter X in art.

Answer: Andrew

3. 10: The Acts of the Apostles reports that he died by "falling headlong" after which "he burst asunder... and all his bowels gushed out."

5: He shares the center of the Inferno with Cassius and Brutus.

Answer: Judas Iscariot

16. FTP each identify the directors of these films of the 1950's.

1. The River (1950) Answer: Jean Renoir

2. The 400 Blows (1959) Answer: Francois Truffaut

3. Breathless (1959) Answer: Jean-Luc Godard

17. Given a brief description of a mathematical function, identify the Greek letter that usually christens that function, for 10 points each.

1. Counts the number of positive integers less than n and relatively prime to n.

Answer: Phi

2. It analytically interpolates the factorial function.

Answer: Gamma

3. Its values in a certain critical strip are the subject of the famous Riemann Hypothesis.

Answer: Zeta
18. Given a battle, name the two commanders in chief from each side (5 points per commander)

1. Plains of Abraham

Answer: Louis Joseph Montcalme and James Wolfe

2. Stamford Bridge

Answer: Harold II (Godwinson) and Harald III (Hardraada)

3. Camden

Answer: Horatio Gates and Lord Cornwallis
19. Name the author from quotations, 30-20-10.

1. Still round the corner there may wait / A new road or a secret gate / And though we pass them by today, / Tomorrow we may come this way / And take the hidden paths that run / Towards the Moon or to the Sun.

2. O Elbereth! Gilthoniel! / We still remember, we who dwell / In this far land beneath the trees, / Thy starlight on the Western Seas.

3. Three Rings for the Elven-kings under the sky, / Seven for the Dwarf-lords in their halls of stone, / Nine for Mortal Men doomed to die, / One for the Dark Lord on his dark throne.

Answer: John Ronald Reuel Tolkien
20. Given a line, name the play it comes from FTP each:

1. "We few, we happy few, we band of brothers; For he today that sheds his blood with me Shall be my brother."

Answer: Shakespeare's Henry V

2. "We do on stage the things that are supposed to happen off - which is a kind of integrity if you look on every exit as an entrance somewhere else."

Answer: Stoppard's Rosencrantz and Guildenstern Are Dead

3. "Take this down - Saturday the thirteenth of July seventeen hundred ninety three - A call to the people of France."

Answer: Weiss' Marat-Sade or The Persecution and Assassination of Jean-Paul Marat as Performed by the Inmates of the Asylum at Charenton under the Direction of the Marquis de Sade
1996 ACF Regionals Packet

Questions by Bowling Green State University Edited by V. Jejjala
1. He became a popular figure in apocalyptic literature, and medieval legends connect him with the Holy Grail and with Glastonbury, England, where his staff was believed to have taken root and grown into a thorn tree that flowered every Christmas Eve. A rich, devout member of the Sanhedrin, he did not consent to that body's decision to put Jesus Christ to death. FTP, name this man, who after the crucifixion asked Pontius Pilate for Jesus' body and with the assistance of Nicodemus, buried it in his own tomb.

Answer: Joseph of Arimathea

2. Robert was U.S. attorney for the Southern District of New York and district attorney of New York County. Henry, was US Ambassador to Turkey from 1913 to 1916 and wrote an autobiography, All in a Lifetime. His son, Henry Jr. was an early advocate of resistance to Adolf Hitler and served as Franklin Roosevelt's secretary of the treasury from 1934 to 1945. FTP, name this family which has, for three generations been prominent in US business and public service.

Answer: Morgenthau

3. Born in 1757, he was educated at home prior to being apprenticed to the engraver James Basire. In the early 1780s, he exhibited his first art work, married Catherine Boucher and published his first poems. This book, Poetical Sketches, was quickly withdrawn from circulation and it was the only volume he ever published by conventional means. His later works were produced and published using a unique method of engraving both illustration and text on copper plates. FTP name this English poet whose works include include Milton, Jerusalem, The Book of Thel, and Songs of Innocence and Experience.

Answer: William Blake

4. In the Pregel River an island was formed by digging a connecting channel between its two branches. In the 18th century a total of seven bridges spanned the river. According to folklore, a person could not take a round‑trip walk in which each bridge was crossed exactly once. The problem was analyzed by Euler and he found that the folklore was correct. FTP, give the name usually given to this problem, one of the earliest problems recognized to belong to the field of topology.

Answer: Konigsberg Bridge problem (prompt on Konigsberg)

5. After studying at Cambridge, he taught theology and was ordained as a priest. At Henry VIII's request he went to Germany and there he married the niece of Andreas Osiander, a Lutheran theologian. He promoted the Reformation theologically, supporting the English Bible translation of 1537‑40 and opposing Henry VIII's Six Articles in 1539. FTP, name this man sent to his death by Mary I, who invalidated three of Henry VIII's marriages.

Answer: Thomas Cranmer

6. A true romantic, he said "The passion between the sexes has appeared in every age to be so nearly the same, that it may always be considered, in algebraic language as a given quantity." In the sixth edition of his most famous work he predicted that the size of the family would become a function of choice through adequacy and prevalence of contraceptive measures. However, in a previous edition he had rejected contraception claiming that the misery of overpopulation was necessary to stimulate industry and discourage indolence. FTP, name this "gloomy" English economist.

Answer: Thomas Robert Malthus

7. This play was first performed around 411 BC when Greece was torn by civil war. Written by Aristophanes, its plot was simple, its language ribald, and its situations often hilarious. Because of the topics it deals with it has been occasionally revived by feminist or anti‑war groups in recent years. FTP, name this play in which the women of Greece attempt to bring an end to the Peloponnesian War by refusing to have sex with the men who are fighting it.

Answer: Lysistrata

8. Suetonius reports that he "never kissed the neck of his wife or mistress without saying, `And this beautiful throat will be cut whenever I please.'" Assassinated by the Praetorian guard, he is said to have made a three mile long footbridge out of boats anchored in the harbor, waged war against Neptune, declared himself a god and built temples in his own honor. FTP name this Roman Emperor, whose nickname means "little boots," who also made his horse Incitatus a senator.

Answer: Caligula or Gaius

9. He hit at least 30 home runs in 12 straight seasons, collected 100 or more runs batted in for 13 straight seasons, and had two seasons of 400 or more total bases. He played for the Boston Red Sox, Chicago Cubs, Philadelphia Phillies and Philadelphia A's. In 1932 he nearly broke Babe Ruth's single‑season home run record by hitting 58. FTP, name this player, primarily a first‑baseman, known as "Double X."

Answer: Jimmie Foxx

10. His work The Dream been described as "a pioneering and remarkably prescient piece of science fiction." A thinly disguied polemic on behalf of the Copernican system, the work which details a voyage to the moon also reflects the scientist's obsession with the Platonic solids. Beginning with a visit to his teacher Tycho Brahe's observatory, The Dream also refers to the laws of planetary motion he discovered. FTP identify this astronomer who discovered the elliptical nature of orbit trajectories.

Answer: Johannes Kepler

11. Its members object to polygamy, slavery, religious prejudices and politicized religion. Since the establishment of the Islamic Republic in Iran, members of this religion have been subjected to outright persecution in the land of its origin. FTP, identify this religion which views Krishna, Buddha, Moses, Zarathustra, Jesus and Muhammad as divine manifestations, a series of prophets culminating in its founder, Bahaullah.

Answer: Baha'i

12. They are a segment of a cell's DNA and exist in two different types. One type is a gene that is normally in control of cell division which has mutated. The second type normally acts to suppress or reduce the rate of cell division by has ceased to perform its function. FTP, give the term for these genes which are involved in transforming a normal cell into a rapidly dividing cancer cell.

Answer: Oncogenes

13. Among his compositions were Le Tombeau de Couperin, Tzigane, and Pavane pour une infante defunte. After his death, his music was used for the ballet Beauty and the Beast. Born in 1875 he, along with Debussy, was one of the leading exponents of Impressionism. FTP, name this composer of Rapsodie Espagnol and Bolero.

Answer: Maurice Ravel

14. Cities include Nyala, Kusti and Al Qadar and the Nile runs through this nation. Bordered by eight countries and the Red Sea, its other cities include Kusti, Kassala and Takwar. FTP, name this country

surrounded by Egypt, Libya, Chad, Central African Republic, Zaire, Uganda, Kenya and Ethiopia.

Answer: Sudan
15. Little of his painting has survived, but his ideas on decoration influenced future baroque and rococo painters. He designed the Santa Bibiana church of Rome, the Palazzo Montecitorio and the Roman Fountain of the Four Rivers. He was invited to design the Louvre, but his designs were not accepted‑‑nevertheless, they influenced the final design. FTP, identify this man whose sculpture masterworks include Rape of Proserpina, Apollo and Daphne, and David.

Answer: Giovanni Lorenzo Bernini

16. A small US steamer based at Buffalo, it was used during the Canadian Rebellions of 1837 to take men and supplies to the camp of William Lyon MacKenzie. Late December 29th, 1837, a few Canadian militiamen crossed the Niagara river, seized the vessel and set it afire. It sank and one American life was lost. FTP, identify this steamer, the attack upon which was much exaggerated by MacKenzie in an attempt to gain American sympathy for his rebellion.

Answer: Caroline

17. Born in China in 1914, this American writer's works include The Wall, Blues, and My Petition for More Space. The Call is the story of an American missionary in China through whose life is seen half a century of Chinese history and the failure of the mission movement. He sent a book of short stories, Key West Tales, to his publisher shortly before his death in 1993. FTP, identify this author who wrote the Pulitzer‑prize winning A Bell for Adano.

Answer: John Hersey

18. He commanded the English forces in the victory at Poitiers and was subsequently ruler of Aquitaine, an English principality in France. In 1367 he invaded Spain and won a victory at Najera; in 1370, after a revolt of his French subjects, he sacked Limoges. It's generally assumed that his nickname came from the armor which he wore. FTP, name this man, son of Edward III and father of Richard II.

Answer: Edward, the Black Prince

19. This principle is important as it allows chemists to determine heat data for reactions by indirect means when the direct method cannot be accurately employed. This law states that in a chemical reaction the heat evolved or absorbed is the same whether the reaction occurs in a single step or proceeds through an alternate pathway taking several steps. FTP, name this law of physical chemistry.

Answer: Hess' Law

20. One of the earliest versions of this novel was to be called The Boy Who Killed His Mother; a later version, The Drunkard's Holiday. The story tells of a young psychiatrist and his marriage to a schizophrenic patient. In effecting her cure, he loses her to another man and this loss leads to the psychiatrist Dick Diver's eventual decline. FTP, identify this novel which drew heavily upon the author, F. Scott Fitzgerald's own alcoholism and his wife's mental illness.

Answer: Tender Is The Night

21. This author fought at Shiloh and Chickamauga and was wounded at the battle of Kennesaw Mountain. He left the army in 1865 and in 1868 became editor of the San Francisco News Letter. He moved to England in the 1870s where his first three books were published, among them Cobwebs from an Empty Skull. He moved back to San Francisco before again moving to Washington DC in 1896. In 1913, he went to Mexico to report on Pancho Villa's revolution. FTP, name this writer who may have died in the siege of Ojinaga, well known for Can Such Things Be? and The Devil's Dictionary.

Answer: Ambrose Bierce

22. Like her Semitic counterpart Ishtar, she was associated in myth and rite with a young consort, Attis, who before his death castrated himself out of devotion to her. In art, she is typically portrayed as crowned, enthroned, and attended by lions and it is chiefly from the Roman cult worshiping her that we know of her. FTP, name this great mother goddess of ancient Anatolia.

Answer: Cybele

23. These two collections of Old Norse writings form the most authoritative source for ancient Nordic mythology. The Elder, or Poetic, is a collection of 34 Icelandic poems with some prose among them. The Younger, or Prose, dates from about 1220 and is the work of the poet and historian Snorri Sturluson. FTP, give the name by which these works are collectively known.

Answer: Edda

24. The name's the same, a classical music record label which focuses on 20th century American composers and a small Greek island which according to legend floated until Zeus anchored it so that Leto could give birth to Apollo and Artemis. FTP, give the name of this island, now home to only 16 people, but which formerly was a major commercial center and treasury to a similarly‑named league.

Answer: Delos

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