1. 06 Compare viewpoints about government in the Federalist and the Anti-Federalist Paper
Date conversion 07.04.2017 Size 11,85 Kb.
Anti- Federalists, Federalists, The Federalist Papers and the Bill of Rights 1.06 Compare viewpoints about government in the Federalist and the Anti-Federalist Papers. 1.07 Evaluate the extent to which the Bill of Rights extended the Constitution. Articles of Confederation Pros Provides for a common defense force Allows each state to retain its independence and sovereignty Powers Declare war Negotiate w/other countries Postal system Cons No power to tax No power to regulate interstate commerce No strong central voice for negotiation No way to deal with Revolutionary debt No common currency Inconsistent representation in Congress 1 state : 1 vote Important Compromises Between small states and large states The “Great Compromise” (Connecticut Compromise) Bicameral Congress (2 houses) House of Representatives- based on population Senate- based on statehood (Each state has two senators) 3/5 Compromise Electoral College President to be elected indirectly using the Electoral College After the Constitution was signed on , the fight for Ratification began. September 17, 1787 After the Constitution was signed on , the fight for Ratification began. September 17, 1787 out of 13 states had to 9 the Constitution before it would go into effect. ratify Two factions (opposing groups) emerged: These two groups argued for their position in , newspapers , and magazines until the Constitution was ratified by the 9th and decisive state on June 21, 1788 pamphlets 5. Ideology of Factions
Supported removing some powers from the states and giving more power to the national government. Wanted important political powers to remain with the states. Favored dividing powers among different branches of government. Wanted the legislative branch to have more power than an executive. Proposed a single person to lead the executive branch. Feared that a strong executive might become a king or tyrant. Believed Constitution did not need a Bill of Rights Wanted a Bill of Rights added to the Constitution Anti-Federalists Led by and included farmers and small landowners who believed nation’s Thomas Jefferson future rested on . agriculture Arguments made by Anti-Federalists The Constitutional Convention went beyond what they were charged to do. ( - illegal ) Treason A strong national government would destroy . states’ rights Resembled a with its concentration of power monarchy Did not have a Bill of Rights Federalists Argued that the new nation needed an effective national government to handle the nation’s , establish its economy , monetary system promote justice, and protect individual . liberty Took name “Federalists” show link to “ ” Federalism : government power is distributed among the states, but the power of the central authority outweighs the authority of the states. Federalism Included , George Washington, Benjamin Franklin, and Alexander Hamilton . James Madison Wrote a series of called the Federalist papers in support of the new constitution. letters/essays The Federalist Papers Written by Alexander Hamilton, James Madison and John way under pen name (Latin word for public). Publius A series of letters published in newspapers Written for three reasons: To influence the vote in favor of ratification To explain the Constitution for future interpretation Outlined how the should be Constitution set up Included 85 letters published from October 1787 to April 1788 and later bound in book form. The Federalist Papers Arguments made by The Federalist Papers Federalists 1-14 stressed importance of the Union Federalists’ 15-22 stressed inadequacy of the Articles of confederation Federalists 23-36 Explained arguments for the Type of Government Contained in the Constitution Federalists 37-51 Explained the Form of Government Republican Federalists 52-83 explained the . 3 branches of government Federalists 84-85 answers of objections to the Constitution questions Ratification In the spirit of , the Federalists agreed to add a Compromise which helped the document to be ratified. Bill of Rights was the Delaware state to ratify the document on December 7, 1787. first was the 9th and decisive state. New Hampshire became the 12th state to ratify the Constitution whey they approved the document on November 21, 1789. North Carolina was the Rhode Island to ratify in 1790. last Once the document was ratified questions arose on how to put the Constitution into practice leading to the growth of . political parties Led by and George Washington Alexander Hamilton Led by and George Washington Alexander Hamilton Believed in a central government strong Supported of the constitution. loose interpretation Believed future of country rested on . manufacturing and industry Led by and Thomas Jefferson James Madison Led by and Thomas Jefferson James Madison Believed in states’ rights Wanted of the Constitution strict interpretation Believed that the future of the nation rested with . agriculture The Bill of Rights was the of the amendment process outlined in Article 5 of the Constitution. first test The Bill of Rights was the of the amendment process outlined in Article 5 of the Constitution. first test The Articles lays out to amend a document. two ways 2/3rd of both houses, or Conventions in 2/3rd of the states an amendment propose 3/4th of state legislatures or special conventions in each state the amendment ratifies 10 of 12 proposed amendments were ratified on . December 15, 1791 1st Amendment: – religion, 5 Freedoms assembly, petition, press, and speech. 1st Amendment: – religion, assembly, petition, press, and speech. 5 Freedoms : government can not establish a state religion. Establishment Clause : citizens can worship (or not) any way they choose. Free exercise Clause 2nd Amendment: right to . bear arms 2nd Amendment: right to . bear arms 3rd Amendment: government can’t ask you to soldiers. quarter 4th Amendment: protection against and search seizure Police need or probable cause search warrant 5th Amendment: due process of law, right to remain silent, indictment by a grand jury, double jeopardy, and eminent domain ( ) rights of person’s accused of a crime 6th Amendment: right to a speedy, fair, and public trial of your peers, right to a lawyer/attorney/ counsel, right to confront witnesses, right to bring witnesses to testify on your behalf. ( ) more rights of the accused 6th Amendment: right to a speedy, fair, and public trial of your peers, right to a lawyer/attorney/ counsel, right to confront witnesses, right to bring witnesses to testify on your behalf. ( ) more rights of the accused 7th Amendment: right to a jury trial in more than $20.00. civil cases 7th Amendment: right to a jury trial in more than $20.00. civil cases 8th Amendment: right to apply for , no bail or cruel punishment unusual 9th Amendment: All powers not listed in the constitution belong to the . people 9th Amendment: All powers not listed in the constitution belong to the . people 10th Amendment: All powers not listed in Constitution belong to or the states . people
The database is protected by copyright ©sckool.org 2016