1 – Introduction (peel) 2 General introduction for artist 1 (peel) 3 Artwork 1 for artist 1



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Essay structure

This is a possible structure for a two artist four artwork essay where the artists have been kept separate in the body of the response. At its simplest the structure is this:



1 – Introduction (PEEL)

2 - General introduction for artist 1 (PEEL)

3 - Artwork 1 for artist 1 (PEDEL)

4 - Artwork 2 for artist 1 (PEDEL)

5 - General introduction for artist 2 (PEEL)

6 - Artwork 1 for artist 2 (PEDEL)

7 - Artwork 2 for artist 2 (PEDEL)

8 – Conclusion (PEEL)

Now with detail and examples.

Question: Contemporary artists explore both concepts and materials. Evaluate this statement with reference to artists and artworks.


The Causal Verb – The Causal Verb is the part of the question that describes some form of relationship or effect between elements of the question. In this case explore is the Causal Verb. In order to produce a band 6 response you will need to address this aspect of the question and describe some form of exploration by the artist in relation to concepts and materials.

Introduction (PEEL)

PEEL is simple, it works and I suggest you use it. In the pressure of a HSC exam (especially with the lack of time in the art exam) it can be very useful to have definite structures to fall back on.

Point – Make your point by turning the question you are answering into a statement. At this stage keep it short and general (don’t mention the names of artists or artworks) and use the language of the question.

Explain – Expand on your point with more detail and suggest what angle you will be taking on the question and how you will address this.

Evidence – This is where you will introduce the artists and artworks you will be using as evidence to support your position. Give a general summation of your artist’s exploration of concepts and materials. A couple of sentences should suffice. If you give too much detail too soon your essay can start to sound a little repetitive.

Link – Link back to the question.

Point

Explain

Evidence

Link -

Paragraph 2

Introducing Artist 1 (PEEL)

This paragraph is a general introduction to your first artist. Stick to the order you used in the introduction so this should be the artist you named first. This paragraph is a kind of seen setter that gives the reader some context in relation to your artist. Although this paragraph is general in nature it can still be used to promote your position. It can be a little tricky to use PEEL for this one but it is a useful start.



PointName of your artist, time of your artist, culture of your artist, expressive form/s used and then main messages.

Explain – More specific version of your point (for Kiefer I use the ‘rubble of WWII’ instead of ‘Germany’ above).

Evidence – Mention themes and subject matter of their work in more detail.

Link – Link back to question.

Point

Explain

Evidence

Link

Paragraph 3

Artist 1 Artwork 1 (PEDEL)

The paragraphs about the artworks covered are perhaps the most important. These paragraphs are where you will provide the specific evidence that supports your position. In these paragraphs you will need to make statements and link them to specific aspects of the artwork. As you should be allowing for and providing multiple interpretations it is best not to use definitive terminology. Use words like may, possibly, references, suggests or alludes.



Point – Make a general point that links the theme, purpose, impact or method of creation for the artwork to the question. No need to name the work here. To help with flow try and make this Segway from last sentence of the previous paragraph.

Explain – More specific version of your point. Name the work and provide some more details about your focus (theme, purpose, impact or method of creation).

Description – Briefly describe the works key features as if for someone who has never seen it. Don’t go into too much detail as you will do this in your evidence

Evidence – Systematically go through all the aspects of how this work supports your position being sure to explicitly link your points to specific elements within the artwork.

Link – Link back to question.

Point

Explain

Description

Evidence

Link

Paragraph 4

Artist 1 Artwork 2 (PEDEL)

As above.



Point – Make a general point that links the theme, purpose, impact or method of creation for the artwork to the question. No need to name the work here. To help with flow try and make this Segway from last sentence of the previous paragraph.

Explain – More specific version of your point. Name the work and provide some more details about your focus (theme, purpose, impact or method of creation).

Description – Briefly describe the works key features as if for someone who has never seen it. Don’t go into too much detail as you will do this in your evidence

Evidence – Systematically go through all the aspects of how this work supports your position being sure to explicitly link your points to specific elements within the artwork.

Link – Link back to question.

Point

Explain

Description

Evidence

Link -

Paragraph 5

* From here on it works well to include the occasional reference back to your first artist. You might use phrases like: ‘in a similar manner to…….’ Or ‘……….. addresses similar themes to (artist one), however, their approach differs in that……..’

Introducing Artist 2 (PEEL)

This paragraph is a general introduction to your second artist. Stick to the order you used in the introduction so this should be the artist you named second. This paragraph is a kind of seen setter that gives the reader some context in relation to your artist. Although this paragraph is general in nature it can still be used to promote your position. It can be a little tricky to use PEEL for this one but it is a useful start.



Point – Name of your artist, time of your artist, culture of your artist, expressive form/s used and then main messages. If you can include a link to the end of your previous paragraph it helps the flow and sophistication of your essay.

Explain – More specific version of your point (for Kiefer I use the ‘rubble of WWII’ instead of ‘Germany’ above).

Evidence – Mention themes and subject matter of their work in more detail.

Link – Link back to question.

Point

Explain

Evidence

Link

Paragraph 6

Artist 2 Artwork 1 (PEDEL)

The paragraphs about the artworks covered are perhaps the most important. These paragraphs are where you will provide the specific evidence that supports your position. In these paragraphs you will need to make statements and link them to specific aspects of the artwork. As you should be allowing for and providing multiple interpretations it is best not to use definitive terminology. Use words like may, possibly, references, suggests or alludes.



Point – Make a general point that links the theme, purpose, impact or method of creation for the artwork to the question. No need to name the work here. To help with flow try and make this Segway from last sentence of the previous paragraph.

Explain – More specific version of your point. Name the work and provide some more details about your focus (theme, purpose, impact or method of creation).

Description – Briefly describe the works key features as if for someone who has never seen it. Don’t go into too much detail as you will do this in your evidence

Evidence – Systematically go through all the aspects of how this work supports your position being sure to explicitly link your points to specific elements within the artwork.

Link – Link back to question.

Point

Explain

Description

Evidence

Link

Paragraph 7

Artist 2 Artwork 2 (PEDEL)

As above.



Point – Make a general point that links the theme, purpose, impact or method of creation for the artwork to the question. No need to name the work here. To help with flow try and make this Segway from last sentence of the previous paragraph.

Explain – More specific version of your point. Name the work and provide some more details about your focus (theme, purpose, impact or method of creation).

Description – Briefly describe the works key features as if for someone who has never seen it. Don’t go into too much detail as you will do this in your evidence

Evidence – Systematically go through all the aspects of how this work supports your position being sure to explicitly link your points to specific elements within the artwork.

Link – Link back to question.

Point

Explain

Description

Evidence

Link

Conclusion (PEEL)

This is similar to your intro but is shorter and more summative. By addressing the artists together when linking to the question you will write what sounds like a conclusion rather than a shortened intro. Remember not to add new content here.

Point – Make your point by turning the question you are answering into a statement. At this stage keep it short and general (don’t mention the names of artists or artworks) and use the language of the question.

Explain – Expand on your point with more detail and remind the reader what angle you took on the question.

Evidence – Sum up your evidence. Sentences that use lists can work well here.

Link – Link back to the question.

Point

Explain

Evidence

Link


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